Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(water) +  ‎(hook) +  ‎(tree) – to hang (on a hook 九) from a tree (木) into water (氵), so as to dye.

Earlier forms more often graphically  + ; water radical moved up.

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水弓木 (END), four-corner 34904, composition氿)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 519, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14621
  • Dae Jaweon: page 907, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1188, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+67D3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʐan²¹³/
Tianjin /ian¹³/
/ʐan¹³/
Jinan /ʐã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʐan⁵³/
Xi'an /ʐã⁵³/
Xining /ʐã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʐan⁵¹/
Wuhan /nan⁴²/
Chengdu /zan⁵³/
Guiyang /zan⁴²/
Kunming /ʐã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʐaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʐæ̃²⁴/
/ʐən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /zæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /ʐɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi¹³/
/zø¹³/
Suzhou /ȵiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷõ¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ne³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /iẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiam⁵³/
Taoyuan /ŋiɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²³/
Nanning /jim²⁴/
Hong Kong /jim¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liam⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nieŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziam⁵³/
/nĩ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zam²¹³/
/ni²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇmX/ /ȵʑi̯ɛmX/ /ȵiɛmX/ /ȵiɛmX/ /ȵiamX/ /ȵʑĭɛmX/ /ȵʑjæmX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇmH/ /ȵʑi̯ɛmH/ /ȵiɛmH/ /ȵiɛmH/ /ȵiamH/ /ȵʑĭɛmH/ /ȵʑjæmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rǎn ‹ nyemX › /*C.n[a]mʔ/ to dye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10790 3 /*njomʔ/
10791 3 /*njoms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to dye
  2. be contagious
  3. to infect

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeom) (hangeul , revised yeom, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, Yale yem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhuộm, nhẹm, nhiễm, nhuốm, ruộm, vẩn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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