U+67F1, 柱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67F1

[U+67F0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67F2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木卜土 (DYG), four-corner 40914, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 520, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 908, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1188, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+67F1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *toʔ, *doʔ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *tjoʔ).

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *duːŋ (post; column) (STEDT). Cognate with (OC *toʔ, “to support”), as well as Proto-Kuki-Chin *tuŋ-I, *tun-II (to erect; post; vertical), Proto-Central Naga *tuŋ (stem; trunk; post; tree) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tiū - vernacular;
  • cṳ̀ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • têu - vernacular;
    • cê̤ṳ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thiāu/thiǎu - vernacular;
    • tū/tǔ, chū/chǔ - literary.
    Note:
    • tiao6 - Shantou;
    • tiou6 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • jy5 - vernacular;
    • jy4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
    /t͡su⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
    Qingdao /tʃu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu³¹²/
    Xi'an /p͡fu⁴⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡su¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡su²¹³/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡su⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡su⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
    Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕy¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑy²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰu⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰu²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰy²³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰy²⁴/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰy¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
    /tʰiau²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰiɛu²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰiu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiau³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tu³³/
    /hiau³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhù
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-t<r>oʔ/
    English pillar

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17614
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. pillar; post; column (Classifier: c)
    2. column-shaped thing
    3. (music) bridge (on a string instrument, such as a guzheng)
    4. to stand tall and erect
    5. stiff
    6. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “same word as 拄?”)

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǔ
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17608
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*toʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to support; to lean on
    2. to block; to obstruct

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǔ
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17608
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*toʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 柱夫.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    Kanji in this term
    はしら
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    (はしら) (hashira

    1. pillar

    CounterEdit

    (はしら) (-hashira

    1. gods, spirits, worshipped entity.
    2. spirit tablets, cremation remains.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune–Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)

    1. pillar

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (trụ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.