U+6897, 梗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6897

[U+6896]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6898]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 木一中大 (DMLK), four-corner 41946, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 529, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14849
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1210, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6897

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms Cantonese vernacular
Cantonese vernacular

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːŋʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *kraːŋ, *kraːŋs) – a type of plant.

EtymologyEdit

  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Schuessler (2007) only lists “strong” as being related to (OC *ɡaŋ, “strong”). Are all these senses related?”

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gang2 - literary;
  • kwaang2, gwaang2 - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Gan
  • Note:
    • gien3 - literary;
    • guang3 - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • gǎing - literary;
    • guǎng - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • gēng - literary;
    • guāng - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kéng/kńg/kēng - literary;
    • kíⁿ/kéⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠæŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚaŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kaŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨjŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɐŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɐŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɐŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gěng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gěng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kængX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁraŋʔ/
    English suffering

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 871
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative name for 刺榆 (“Hemiptelea davidii”).
    2. (of plants) to prick
    3. spiny plant
    4. stem; stalk
      葉兒 [MSC, trad.]
      叶儿 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā ài chī cài yèr, bù ài chī gěngr. [Pinyin]
      He loves to eat the leaves of vegetables, not the stems.
      中意中意 [Cantonese, trad.]
      中意中意 [Cantonese, simp.]
      keoi5 zung1 ji3 sik6 jip6, m4 zung1 ji3 sik6 kwaang2. [Jyutping]
      He likes to eat the leaves, not the stem.
    5. broad outline; general idea; gist
    6. Alternative form of (gén, “punchline; reference; humorous reference”).
      廣東人福建人什麼 [MSC, trad.]
      广东人福建人什么 [MSC, simp.]
      “guǎngdōngrén chī fújiànrén” shì shénme gěng? [Pinyin]
      What's the joke behind "Cantonese people eat Fujianese people?"
    7. to block; to obstruct; to hinder
    8. to resist; to defy
    9. to straighten up; to stiffen
    10. upright; straightforward; upstanding
    11. (Cantonese) stiff; tight
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      co5 zo2 seng4 jat6, co5 dou3 tiu4 jiu1 dou1 gang2 saai3. [Jyutping]
      My lower back's all stiff after sitting all day.
    12. (Cantonese) fixed; immovable
    13. (Cantonese) certainly; definitely; of course
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      nei5 gam3 lek1, gang2 wui5 wan2 dou3-2 gung1 ge3. [Jyutping]
      You're so smart; you'll definitely be able to find a job.
    14. strong; violent
    15. illness; disaster
    16. (Internet slang) meme
    17. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠæŋX). Recorded as Middle Korean 겨ᇰ〯 (Yale: kyeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 줄기 (julgi gyeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (stem; stalk).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngành, cánh, cạnh, cành, chành, ngạnh, gánh, ngáng, ngánh, nhành, nhánh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.