U+690D, 植
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-690D

[U+690C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+690E]

Translingual

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Stroke order
Japan
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 75, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木十月一 (DJBM), four-corner 44916, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 536, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15023
  • Dae Jaweon: page 923, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1225, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+690D

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. 𰗝

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *dɯɡs, *djɯɡ) : semantic (tree) + phonetic (OC *dɯɡ).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • sia̍k/se̍k - literary;
  • si̍t/se̍t - vernacular.
Note:
  • sêg4 - literary;
  • sig8/sêg8 - vernacular (sêg8 - Jieyang).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sek̚²/
Nanning /t͡sek̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sik̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /sik̚⁵/
/sit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡siʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /t͡si²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /t͡sek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (25)
Final () (19) (134)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter driH dzyik
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡieH/ /d͡ʑiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑik̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiəH/ /ʑiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəH/ /ʑĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱiH/ /ʑi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì shí
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi6 sik6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhí zhí zhí
Middle
Chinese
‹ driH › ‹ driH › ‹ dzyik ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-tək/
English grow, flourish to plant, set upright to plant; plants

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17263 17273
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯɡs/ /*djɯɡ/

Definitions

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  1. to plant; to grow; to cultivate
      ―  zhíshù  ―  to plant trees
  2. to set up; to establish
  3. plant; flora
      ―  zhíbèi  ―  vegetation
  4. a surname

Synonyms

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  • (to cultivate):
  • (to set up):
  • (plant):

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. plant

Readings

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The reading ちょく is preferred in the typesetting/printing industry for words such as, and related to, 植字.

Korean

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Etymology 1

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Hanja

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(eumhun 심을 (simeul sik))

  1. Hanja form? of (to plant).

Compounds

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Etymology 2

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Hanja

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(eumhun (dul chi))

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (to put).)

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: thực

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.