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See also: 业果

Contents

ChineseEdit

business; occupation; study fruit; result
trad. (業果)
simp. (业果)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (31) (28)
Final () (147) (95)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐp̚/ /kuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐp̚/ /kuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐp̚/ /kuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨap̚/ /kwaX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiap̚/ /kuɑX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐp̚/ /kuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐp̚/ /kuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guǒ

NounEdit

業果

  1. (Buddhism) karma; the effects of karma

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ごう
Grade: 3

Grade: 4
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

/ɡapukwa//ɡafukwa//ɡawukwa//ɡaukwa//ɡɔːkwa//ɡoːkwa//ɡoːka/

From Middle Chinese compound 業果 (MC ŋɨɐp̚ kuɑX, literally “karmic fruit, karmic result”). Compare modern Mandarin 業果.

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

業果 (hiragana ごうか, rōmaji gōka, historical hiragana がふくわ)

  1. (Buddhism) karma, specifically the effects of karma

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9