See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 75, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

Chinese

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Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Classical)
  • (Wu)

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ) : semantic + phonetic (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Etymology 1

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trad. /*
simp.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • cion1 - Shantou;
  • ciên1 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (14)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tshjang
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
coeng1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaŋ/

Definitions

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  1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
  2. gun; firearm; shooter (Classifier: m;  m c;  m c)
    [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 baa2 coeng1 [Jyutping]  ―  two guns
  3. gun-like object
      ―  hànqiāng  ―  welding torch
      ―  yānqiāng  ―  opium pipe
  4. Classifier for gunshots.
    好多 [Cantonese, trad.]
    好多 [Cantonese, simp.]
    keoi5 zung1 zo2 gei2 coeng1, lau4 zo2 hou2 do1 hyut3. [Jyutping]
    He was shot a few times and bled a lot.
  5. to sit for an examination in place of someone else
      ―  qiāng  ―  to sit for an examination in place of someone else
    [Cantonese]  ―  ceng2 coeng1 [Jyutping]  ―  to hire somebody to substitute oneself to sit an examination
  6. (obsolete) to collide
  7. a surname
Synonyms
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See also
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Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Korean: 창(槍) (chang)
  • Vietnamese: thương ()

Etymology 2

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trad.
simp.

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (19)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter tsrhaeng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chēng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cang1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1147
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰraːŋ/

Definitions

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  1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (chánchēng, “comet”).

Etymology 3

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trad.
simp.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 4

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trad.
simp.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (Hokkien) Alternative form of (gun; firearm)

References

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Japanese

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Alternative forms

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Kanji

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(Jinmeiyō kanji)

  1. spear, lance
  2. javelin

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
やり
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 遣る (yaru, to do, execute → to kill). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(やり) (yari

  1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
  2. (shogi) common name for the 香車 (kyōsha, lance)
  3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
  4. (archaic) jeering

Derived terms

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Idioms

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See also

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Proper noun

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(やり) (Yari

  1. a surname

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (chang chang))

  1. hanja form? of (spear)

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: thương, sang

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.