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See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰaːŋʔ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰaːŋ, *zraːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰaŋʔ, *sʰraŋʔ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋs
*sʰraŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraŋ
*sʰraŋʔ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhèng - 銃 is used.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (19)
Final () (105) (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨɐŋ/ /t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɐŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɑŋ/ /t͡ʃʰaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɨaŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯aŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāng chēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1132 1147
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaŋ/ /*sʰraːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
  2. gun; firearm; shooter
  3. Classifier for gunshots.
  4. A surname​.
See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (“comet”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. spear, lance

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やり, rōmaji yari)

  1. (weaponry) spear

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chang, jaeng) (hangeul , , revised chang, jaeng, McCune-Reischauer ch'ang, chaeng, Yale chang, cayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thương, sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.