See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

ChineseEdit

 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Classical)
  • (Wu)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

trad. /*
simp.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • cion1 - Shantou;
  • ciên1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (14)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiāng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1132
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰaŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
    2. gun; firearm; shooter (Classifier: m;  m c;  m c)
    3. Classifier for gunshots.
      好多 [Cantonese, trad.]
      好多 [Cantonese, simp.]
      keoi5 zung1 zo2 gei2 coeng1, lau4 zo2 hou2 do1 hyut3. [Jyutping]
      He was shot a few times and bled a lot.
    4. to collide
    5. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Korean: (, chang)
    • Vietnamese: thương ()

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (19)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰraːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (chánchēng, “comet”).

    Etymology 3Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 4Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Hokkien) Alternative form of (“gun; firearm”).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. spear, lance
    2. javelin

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    やり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 遣る (yaru, to do, execute → to kill). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (やり) (yari

    1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
    2. (shogi) common name for the 香車 (kyōsha, lance)
    3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
    4. (archaic) jeering

    Derived termsEdit

    IdiomsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (やり) (Yari

    1. a surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (chang, jaeng) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thương, sang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.