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See also:
U+69CD, 槍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-69CD

[U+69CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+69CE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木人戈口 (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

ChineseEdit

trad. /*
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰaːŋʔ
*sʰaːŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰaːŋ, *zraːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*sʰaŋ, *sʰaŋʔ, *sʰraŋʔ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋs
*sʰraŋ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraŋ
*sʰraŋʔ, *sʰraŋs
*sʰraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaŋ, *sʰraːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰaːŋ).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chhiong/chhiang - literary;
  • chhiuⁿ/chhioⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhèng - 銃 is used.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (19)
    Final () (105) (109)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɨɐŋ/ /t͡ʃʰˠæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɐŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰiɑŋ/ /t͡ʃʰaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰɨaŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭaŋ/ /t͡ʃʰɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯aŋ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiāng chēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1132 1147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰaŋ/ /*sʰraːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
    2. gun; firearm; shooter
    3. Classifier for gunshots.
    4. A surname​.
    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 欃槍欃枪 (“comet”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. spear, lance
    2. javelin

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    やり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 遣る (yaru, to do, execute → to kill). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana やり, rōmaji yari)

    1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
    2. (shogi) common name for the 香車 (kyōsha, lance)
    3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
    4. (archaic) jeering

    Derived termsEdit

    IdiomsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana やり, rōmaji Yari)

    1. a surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (chang, jaeng) (hangeul , , revised chang, jaeng, McCune–Reischauer ch'ang, chaeng, Yale chang, cayng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thương, sang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.