See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木土廿戈 (DGTI), four-corner 44900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 551, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15496
  • Dae Jaweon: page 940, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1287, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A39

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𣗬 Min

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djoʔ, *djos): semantic  ‎(wood) + phonetic  ‎(OC *djos).

EtymologyEdit

Area word (Schuessler, 2007): Mizo tuh ‎(to plant, to sow), Khmer ដុះ ‎(dŏh, to grow, to bud). Starostin compares it with Tibetan གདོས ‎(gdos), གདོས་པ ‎(gdos pa, mast) and Burmese ထူ ‎(htu, to erect (a post), to raise (a flag)).

Related to (OC *djoʔ, “to erect; to make vertical”).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂu⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂu⁵³/
/su⁵³/
Jinan /ʂu²¹/
Qingdao /ʃu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂu³¹²/
Xi'an /fu⁴⁴/
Xining /fv̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂu²¹³/
/fu²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /su¹³/
Guiyang /su²¹³/
Kunming /ʂu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂu⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂu⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /su⁴⁵/
Pingyao /sz̩ʷ³⁵/
Hohhot /su⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕy²²/
Tunxi /ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕy⁵⁵/
/ɕy¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕy²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ɕy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sy²²/
Nanning /sy²²/
Hong Kong /sy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²²/
/t͡sʰiu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
/t͡sʰiu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
/su³⁵/
/siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨoX/ /d͡ʑɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑuə̆X/ /d͡ʑuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ʑioX/ /ʑioH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭuX/ /ʑĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯uX/ /ʑi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shù shù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shù shù
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyuX › ‹ dzyuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-toʔ/ /*m-toʔ-s/
English plant (v.); place upright tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17645 17648
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djoʔ/ /*djos/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to plant; to place upright; to cultivate
  2. to set up; to establish
  3. tree   (Classifier: m; c; mn; h)
  4. plant
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tree; plant

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana いつき, romaji Itsuki)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たつき, romaji Tatsuki)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thụ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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