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See also:
U+6A39, 樹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A39

[U+6A38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A3A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木土廿戈 (DGTI), four-corner 44900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 551, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15496
  • Dae Jaweon: page 940, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1287, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A39

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𣗬 Min

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Shizhoupian script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tos
*do
*do
*do
*do
*djoʔ, *djos
*tjos, *djos
*djos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djoʔ, *djos): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *djos).

EtymologyEdit

Area word (Schuessler, 2007): Mizo tuh (to plant, to sow), Khmer ដុះ (doh, to grow, to bud). Starostin compares it with Tibetan གདོས (gdos), གདོས་པ (gdos pa, mast) and Burmese ထူ (htu, to erect (a post), to raise (a flag)).

Related to (OC *djoʔ, “to erect; to make vertical”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chéu - colloquial;
  • sê̤ṳ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note: su6 - “to plant, to set up”.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂu⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʂu⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʂu⁵³/
    /su⁵³/
    Jinan /ʂu²¹/
    Qingdao /ʃu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʂu³¹²/
    Xi'an /fu⁴⁴/
    Xining /fv̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʂu²¹³/
    /fu²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕy³⁵/
    Chengdu /su¹³/
    Guiyang /su²¹³/
    Kunming /ʂu²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʂu⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʂu⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /su⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /sz̩ʷ³⁵/
    Hohhot /su⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
    Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
    Hangzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
    Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
    Hui Shexian /ɕy²²/
    Tunxi /ɕy¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕy⁵⁵/
    /ɕy¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕy²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕy²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sy²²/
    Nanning /sy²²/
    Hong Kong /sy²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²²/
    /t͡sʰiu²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁴⁴/
    /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiu³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
    /su³⁵/
    /siu²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (25) (25)
    Final () (24) (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑɨoX/ /d͡ʑɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑuə̆X/ /d͡ʑuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑioX/ /ʑioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭuX/ /ʑĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯uX/ /ʑi̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shù shù
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shù shù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyuX › ‹ dzyuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-toʔ/ /*m-toʔ-s/
    English plant (v.); place upright tree

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17645 17648
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djoʔ/ /*djos/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to plant; to place upright; to cultivate
    2. to set up; to establish
    3. tree (Classifier: m;  c;  mn;  h)
    4. plant
    5. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. tree; plant

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji ki)

    1. Alternative form of

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana いつき, rōmaji Itsuki)

    1. A male given name

    (hiragana たつき, rōmaji Tatsuki)

    1. A male given name

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (su) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thụ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.