See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(wood) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木土廿戈 (DGTI), four-corner 44900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 551, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15496
  • Dae Jaweon: page 940, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1287, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A39

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂu⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂu⁵³/
/su⁵³/
Jinan /ʂu²¹/
Qingdao /ʃu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂu³¹²/
Xi'an /fu⁴⁴/
Xining /fv̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂu²¹³/
/fu²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /su¹³/
Guiyang /su²¹³/
Kunming /ʂu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂu⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂu⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /su⁴⁵/
Pingyao /sz̩ʷ³⁵/
Hohhot /su⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩¹³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕy²²/
Tunxi /ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕy⁵⁵/
/ɕy¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕy²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ɕy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sy²²/
Nanning /sy²²/
Hong Kong /sy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²²/
/t͡sʰiu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
/t͡sʰiu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
/su³⁵/
/siu²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨoX/ /ʑi̯uX/ /ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑuə̆X/ /ʑĭuX/ /d͡ʑioX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨoH/ /ʑi̯uH/ /ʑioH/ /d͡ʑioH/ /d͡ʑuə̆H/ /ʑĭuH/ /d͡ʑioH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shù ‹ dzyuX › /*m-toʔ/ plant (v.); place upright
shù ‹ dzyuH › /*m-toʔ-s/ tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17645 0 /*djoʔ/
17648 0 /*djos/

DefinitionsEdit

(classifier Mandarin: (), Cantonese: )

  1. tree; plant
  2. A surname​.
  3. to cultivate; to plant, to set up

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tree; plant

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana いつき, romaji Itsuki)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たつき, romaji Tatsuki)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thụ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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