橄欖

Contents

ChineseEdit

olive olive
trad. (橄欖)
simp. (橄榄)
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Tai-Kadai language in ancient times. Compare Zhuang gyamj ‎(olive), Lao ເຫລືອມ ‎(lư̄am, Canarium kerrii Craib), ເກິມ ‎(kœm, Canarium venosum Craib), as well as Middle Vietnamese tlám ‎(olive) (from earlier < *klam; Modern trám).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (37)
Final () (143) (143)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kamX/ /lamX/
Li
Rong
/kɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Wang
Li
/kɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑmX/ /lɑmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǎn lǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3675 6089
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːmʔ/ /*ɡ·raːmʔ/

NounEdit

橄欖

  1. European olive (Olea europaea)
  2. Chinese olive (Canarium album)

Usage notesEdit

It's easy to confuse the European and Chinese olives, because they're often referred to by the same name. Fortunately, there's little overlap in use: the European olive is packaged for food in brine (it's inedible fresh), or as oil pressed from the fruit. The Chinese olive is dried or candied, or the nuts are eaten. The European olive is foreign and mentioned in the Bible, as well as in the context of the Middle East and Europe, while the Chinese olive is native and East Asian.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (橄欖):

Others

  • → Malay: kanar ‎(Chinese olive eaten salted or sweet)
  • → Singaporean English: kana ‎(olives that have been dried and preserved using salt and sugar, eaten as a snack)
  • → Thai: กาน้า ‎(kānā, Canarium album)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
らん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

NounEdit

橄欖 ‎(hiragana かんらん, romaji kanran)

  1. Chinese white olive
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

橄欖 ‎(gamnam) ‎(hangeul 감람)

  1. Hanja form? of 감람, “Chinese white olive”.
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