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U+6A59, 橙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A59

[U+6A58]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A5A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓人廿 (DNOT), four-corner 42918, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 553, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6A59

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *dɯːŋs
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs, *tʰɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tʰɯːŋ
*tʰɯːŋ
*dɯːŋs, *dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ
*dɯːŋs
*dɯːŋs, *tʰɯŋ
*tʰɯŋs
*dɯŋ, *dɯŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ, *rdɯːŋ
*tjɯŋʔ
*tjɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ): semantic  (tree; wood) + phonetic  (OC *tɯːŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhiâm/chhiâng - vernacular;
  • têng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: 3zan - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /təŋ³¹²/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zeŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰaŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiam³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiaŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chéng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chéng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drɛng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ˤrəŋ/
    English citrus tree (Shuōwén)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2200
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rdɯːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. orange (the tree)
    2. orange (the fruit) (Classifier: c;  c)
    3. orange (the color)

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“bench, stool; chair”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. bitter orange

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    だいだい
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    Thought to be derived from 代代 (daidai, many generations), from the way bitter orange fruits never fall down, even in winter, until picked.[1][2]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana だいだい, katakana ダイダイ, rōmaji daidai)

    1. the bitter orange, Citrus × aurantium
      Synonym: 橙橘 (tōkitsu)
      Hyponyms: 枸櫞 (kabuchi), 臭橙 (kabusu)
      Hypernym: 蜜柑 (mikan)
    2. (by extension) Short for 橙色 (daidai-iro): the color orange

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (deung, jeung) (hangeul , , revised deung, jeung, McCune–Reischauer tŭng, chŭng, Yale tung, cung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chanh, tranh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit