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ChineseEdit

 
deficient; owe; to lack; yawn
to stretch; to extend
simp. and trad.
(欠伸)
alt. forms 欠申

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

欠伸

  1. to yawn and stretch

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: S
Irregular

Attested in The Pillow Book, completed in 1002.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 欠ぶ (akubu, to yawn).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 欠伸.

Alternate formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

欠伸 (hiragana あくび, rōmaji akubi)

  1. a yawn, yawning
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

VerbEdit

欠伸する (hiragana あくびする, rōmaji akubi suru)

  1. to yawn
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
けん
Grade: 4
しん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Appears to be derived from Middle Chinese compound 欠伸 (MC kʰɨɐmH ɕiɪn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

欠伸 (hiragana けんしん, rōmaji kenshin)

  1. yawning and stretching

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN