See also:
U+6B50, 歐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B50

[U+6B4F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B51]

Translingual

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Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 76, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸口弓人 (SRNO), four-corner 77782, composition )

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 571, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16185
  • Dae Jaweon: page 959, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2149, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B50

Chinese

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trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qoː, *qoːʔ) : phonetic (OC *qoː, *kʰo) + semantic (to yawn; to exhale) – to vomit (original form of ).

Etymology 1

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • au - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • o͘/o/io - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ou⁵⁵/
Harbin /ou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /nou²¹/
Jinan /ŋou²¹³/
Qingdao /ɣou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ou²⁴/
Xi'an /ŋou²¹/
Xining /nɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /əu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ou³¹/
Ürümqi /ɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ŋəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ŋəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ŋəu⁵⁵/
/əu⁵⁵/
Kunming /əu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /əɯ³¹/
Hefei /ʐɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ŋəu¹³/
Hohhot /ŋəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔei³³/
Wenzhou /au³³/
Hui Shexian /niu³¹/
/ŋiu³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ŋəu³³/
Xiangtan /ŋəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ŋiɛu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /eu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /eu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ɐu⁵³/
Nanning /ɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ɐu⁵³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /ɔ⁵⁵/
/au⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /eu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /e⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /au³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ɔu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter 'uw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəw/
Li
Rong
/ʔu/
Wang
Li
/əu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ōu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
au1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10583
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoː/

Definitions

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  1. Short for 歐羅巴欧罗巴 (Ōuluóbā, “Europe”).
      ―  Ōuzhōu  ―  Europe
      ―  Dōng-Ōu  ―  Eastern Europe
      ―  ōuhuà  ―  to Europeanise
  2. Short for 歐盟欧盟 (Ōuméng, “European Union”).
    關係关系  ―  Yīng Ōu guānxì  ―  UK-EU relationship
  3. Short for 歐元欧元 (ōuyuán, “euro”).
    二十二十  ―  èrshí ōu  ―  twenty euros
  4. Short for 歐姆欧姆 (ōumǔ, “ohm”).
  5. Alternative form of (ōu, to sing)
  6. Alternative form of (ōu, to beat; to strike)
  7. a surname
Synonyms
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Compounds

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Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to vomit; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

References

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Japanese

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Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji

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(Hyōgai kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Europe

Readings

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Korean

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Etymology

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From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (u) based on Middle Chinese (MC 'uw).

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 구라파 (gurapa gu))

  1. Hanja form? of (Europe).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: âu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.