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ChineseEdit

martial; military scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(武士)
 
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武士

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

武士

  1. warrior; fighter; soldier
  2. member of a powerful military caste (in medieval Europe or Japan); samurai
  3. (historical) palace guard

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: 4
on’yomi

From (bushi), found in terms such as 山伏 (yamabushi, mountain hermit) and 野伏 (nobushi, hermit; brigand). Fushi is the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 伏す (fusu, to bow down, to prostrate). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji are ateji (当て字), first coined by Shinobu Orikuchi. However, 武士 itself is first attested in the Nara period.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

武士 (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji bushi)

  1. a person who serves a lord or a master
    1. samurai
       () () ()わねど高楊 (たかよう) ()
      bushi wa kuwanedo takayōji
      a samurai, even when he has not eaten, uses a toothpick like a lord
    2. warrior
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Proper nounEdit

武士 (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji Bushi)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 4
Irregular

/mo2no2no2be1/ invalid IPA characters (2221)*/mo2no2no2bu/ invalid IPA characters (/222)*/mo2no2no2pu/ invalid IPA characters (/222)/mononopu//mononofu/

From Old Japanese.

From the 物部氏 (Mononobe-uji, Mononobe clan), by re-interpretation of the kun-reading of (be) to the kanyōon reading of fu. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

武士 (hiragana もののふ, rōmaji mononofu)

  1. a person who serves a lord or a master
    1. samurai
    2. warrior
  2. (historical) an official who served in the upper court in the pre-Heian period (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

武士 (hiragana たけし, rōmaji Takeshi)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.
  3. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

武士 (hiragana たけひと, rōmaji Takehito)

  1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

武士 (musa) (hangeul 무사)

  1. Hanja form? of 무사, “warrior”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

Han characterEdit

武士 (vũ sĩ, võ sĩ)

  1. combat sport contender; judoka, karateka, boxer, etc.
  2. warrior
  3. samurai