See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(vicious, bones) + phonetic  – to viciously harm, injure.

Semantic was originally , but was simplified to 歹.

Han characterEdit

(radical 78 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一弓戈戈 (MNII), four-corner 13253)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 581, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16506
  • Dae Jaweon: page 974, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1389, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6B98

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑn/ /d͡zʱɑn/ /d͡zɑn/ /d͡zɑn/ /d͡zan/ /d͡zɑn/ /d͡zɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cán ‹ dzan › /*[dz]ˤa[n]/ damage; hurt; cruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5978 1 /*zlaːn/
5981 1 /*zaːns/ 徂由祖校改歹原從月

VerbEdit

  1. to damage, to injure
  2. to kill
  3. to be left, to remain

AdjectiveEdit

  1. severe, cruel
  2. damaged, defective

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jan) (hangeul , revised jan, McCune-Reischauer chan, Yale can)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tàn)

  • 殘疾 tàn tật
  • 殘杯 tàn bôi
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
Read in another language