Contents

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
つ > づ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of ‎(ki, awareness) +‎ 付く ‎(tsuku, to stick, to attach, to turn on).[1][2][3][4] The tsuku changes to zuku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

気付く ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana きづく, romaji kizuku)

  1. to become aware, to notice
    それについて気付 (きづ)かなかった
    Sore ni tsuite kizukanakatta.
    I was not aware of that. → I did not notice that.
    危険 (きけん)気付 (きづ)
    kiken ni kizuku
    to become aware of a danger → to notice a danger
  2. to be revived, to come back to one's senses
    気絶 (きぜつ)していた (ひと)気付 (きづ)いた
    Kizetsu shiteita hito ga kizuita.
    The person who had passed out regained consciousness.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

Although the English gloss to notice is transitive, note that 気付く ‎(kizuku) is intransitive. The verb can take an indirect object, marked with the particle ‎(ni), as in the examples above.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
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