See also: 永远

ChineseEdit

forever; always; perpetual (ly) far; distant; remote
trad. (永遠)
simp. (永远)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (35) (35)
Final () (112) (66)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwiæŋX/ /ɦʉɐnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiaŋX/ /ɦʷiɐnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋX/ /ɣiuɐnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋX/ /ɦuanX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋX/ /ɣiuɐnX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋX/ /ɣĭwɐnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋX/ /i̯wɐnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng yuǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wing5 jyun5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng yuǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængX › ‹ hjwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ /*C.ɢʷanʔ/
English long (time) far

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 15423 16226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋʔ/ /*ɢʷanʔ/

AdverbEdit

永遠

  1. forever; always; permanently
    永遠相愛 / 永远相爱  ―  yǒngyuǎn xiàng'ài  ―  love each other forever
    莊家永遠贏家 / 庄家永远赢家  ―  Zhuāngjiā yǒngyuǎn shì yíngjiā.  ―  The house always wins.
    我們大門永遠敞開 [MSC, trad.]
    我们大门永远敞开 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen de dàmén yǒngyuǎn xiàng nǐ chǎngkāi. [Pinyin]
    Our door is always open to you.
    人生永遠沒有開始 [MSC, trad.]
    人生永远没有开始 [MSC, simp.]
    Rénshēng yǒngyuǎn méiyǒu tài wǎn de kāishǐ. [Pinyin]
    No beginning has ever been proved to be too late.
    如果沒有捐助的話小孩永遠失明 [MSC, trad.]
    如果没有捐助的话小孩永远失明 [MSC, simp.]
    Rúguǒ méiyǒu rén juānzhù dehuà, zhè ge xiǎohái jiù huì yǒngyuǎn shīmíng. [Pinyin]
    If no one offers assistance this kid will become permanently blind.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

永遠

  1. eternity
    相愛永遠 / 相爱永远  ―  xiàng'ài dào yǒngyuǎn  ―  love each other forever

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (永遠):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
えん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(えい)(えん) (eienえいゑん (eiwen)?

  1. eternity
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 2
Irregular
For pronunciation and definitions of 永遠 – see the following entry.
とわ
[adjective] constant, permanent, everlasting
[noun] eternity
[noun] constancy, permanence, everlastingness
Alternative spellings
永遠, 永久,
(This term, 永遠, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

永遠 (yeong'won) (hangeul 영원)

  1. Hanja form? of 영원 (eternity).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

永遠

  1. Hán tự form of vĩnh viễn (everlasting; long-lasting; permanent; for ever).