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U+6C40, 汀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C40
氿
[U+6C3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C41]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 水一弓 (EMN), four-corner 31120, composition)

  1. sandbar
  2. beach
  3. bank
  4. shore

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 604, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17103
  • Dae Jaweon: page 997, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1548, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C40

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ, *deːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *teːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *rdeŋ
*rteːŋ, *rdeːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ, *tʰeŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ
*teːŋ, *teːŋs
*teːŋ, *teːŋʔ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ, *deːŋ
*teːŋs
*teːŋs, *tʰeːŋ, *deːŋʔ
*teːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋs): semantic  (river) + phonetic  (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/tʰeŋ/
Wang
Li
/tʰieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ theng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰˁeŋ/
English level land beside water

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2397
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰeːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/tʰeŋH/
Wang
Li
/tʰieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2405
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰeːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 汀瀅.

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 汀濘.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. beach, shore, water's edge

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (mi, water) +‎ (kiwa, edge, brink, small thing). The final ki voices to gi due to rendaku (連濁).

NounEdit

(hiragana なぎさ, rōmaji nagisa)

  1. water's edge, shore

(hiragana みぎわ, rōmaji migiwa)

  1. water's edge, shore

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune–Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đênh, đinh, thinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.