Contents

ChineseEdit

river lake
simp. and trad.
(江湖)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
江湖 (Written Standard Chinese?)
江湖 (Cantonese)
Jianghu (English)

PronunciationEdit


Note: Toneless - usually the sense of “man of experience”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (9) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋ/ /ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋ/ /ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋ/ /ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋ/ /ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋ/ /ɣo/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋ/ /ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋ/ /ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwng › ‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤroŋ/ /*[ɡ]ˤa/
English (Yangzi) river lake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3995 4247
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋ/ /*ɡaː/

NounEdit

江湖

  1. (literally) rivers and lakes
  2. (figuratively) all corners of the country; (around) the whole country
  3. (figuratively) wandering life; private and plebian domain beyond the control of the government; underworld
  4. (figuratively) place of residence of a hermit; reclusive place
  5. (figuratively) vagrant; itinerant (entertainer, quack doctor, swindler etc.)
  6. (figuratively) old experienced person; man of experience

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (江湖):