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See also: , , and 𣳑
U+6CB9, 油
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CB9

[U+6CB8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CBA]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水中田 (ELW), four-corner 35160, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 614, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1585, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CB9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs, *lɯwɢs
*l̥ʰɯw
*l̥ʰɯw, *l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw, *ɦljɯw, *lɯw
*rlɯw
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*lɯw, *lɯwɢs
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯwɢs
*lɯwɢs, *l'ɯwɢ
*lɯwɢs
*l'ɯːwɢ, *l̥ʰɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯw, *lɯwɢs): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *lɯw).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l][u]/
English flow(ing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. name of an ancient river
  2. oil: fat, grease, lard, petroleum, etc.
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
    /   ―  zhūyóu  ―  lard
      ―  shíyóu  ―  petroleum; oil
    /   ―  yóu  ―  engine oil
    [Cantonese]  ―  lau6 jau4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to leak oil
  3. to paint
    [Cantonese]  ―  jau4 uk1 [Jyutping]  ―  to paint the house
  4. to be grease-stained
  5. sly; glib
  6. vigorous, abundant
  7. shiny
  8. sweet-tempered, acquiescent
  9. flippant and insincere
  10. dark
  11. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwH/
Li
Rong
/iuH/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯwɢs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (yòu, “to glaze”).
  2. Used in 浩油.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at あぶら.
あぶら【油・膏・脂】
[noun], : oil
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of あぶら.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul )

  1. oil

KunigamiEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

NounEdit

(hiragana あんだー, romaji andā)

  1. oil

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /avva/, /aʋva/, /aʋʋa/

NounEdit

(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

  1. oil

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あんだ, romaji anda)

  1. oil

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dầu, dẫu, dàu, , , du, rầu, trầu)

  1. oil, fat, grease

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for oil is dầu.

ReferencesEdit