See also: , , 𣳑, and
U+6CB9, 油
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CB9

[U+6CB8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CBA]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水中田 (ELW), four-corner 35160, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 614, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1585, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CB9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)
  • (Min Nan)
  • (Wu)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯw, *lɯwɢs): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *lɯw).

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l][u]/
English flow(ing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. name of an ancient river
  2. oil: fat, grease, lard, petroleum, etc.
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
    /   ―  zhūyóu  ―  lard
      ―  shíyóu  ―  petroleum; oil
    /   ―  yóu  ―  engine oil
    [Cantonese]  ―  lau6 jau4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to leak oil
    [Cantonese]  ―  Caau2 coi3 jiu3 lok6 jau4. [Jyutping]  ―  You need to add oil when you stir-fry vegetables.
  3. to paint
    [Cantonese]  ―  jau4 uk1 [Jyutping]  ―  to paint the house
  4. (Cantonese) paint
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Di1 jau4-2 mei6 gon1 aa3. [Jyutping]  ―  The paint hasn't dried yet.
  5. (Cantonese) to colour (with crayons, coloured pencils, oil pastel, etc.)
    老師弟弟貼堂 [Cantonese, trad.]
    老师弟弟𠮶贴堂 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Lou5 si1 zoeng1 dai6-4 dai6-2 jau4 go2 fuk1 waa2 tip3 tong4. [Jyutping]
    The teacher posted the picture that my brother coloured on the board.
  6. (Cantonese) Short for 油門油门 (yóumén, “accelerator; gas pedal; throttle”).
    [Cantonese]  ―  caai2 jau4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to hit the gas; to accelerate
  7. to be grease-stained
  8. sly; glib
  9. vigorous, abundant
  10. shiny
  11. sweet-tempered, acquiescent
  12. flippant and insincere
  13. dark
  14. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Vietnamese: dầu (𪽠)

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwH/
Li
Rong
/iuH/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯwɢs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (yòu, “to glaze”).
  2. Used in 浩油.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
あぶら
[noun] , : oil
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 기름 (gireum yu))

  1. oil

KunigamiEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

NounEdit

(hiragana あんだー, romaji andā)

  1. oil

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /avva/, /aʋva/, /aʋʋa/

NounEdit

(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

  1. oil

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
あんだ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あんだ, rōmaji anda)

  1. oil

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • あんだ【油】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dầu, dẫu, dàu, , , du, rầu, trầu)

  1. oil, fat, grease

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for oil is dầu.

ReferencesEdit