U+6CB9, 油
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CB9

[U+6CB8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CBA]
See also: , , and 𣳑

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水中田 (ELW), four-corner 35160, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 614, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1585, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CB9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)
(Classical)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs, *lɯwɢs
*l̥ʰɯw
*l̥ʰɯw, *l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw, *ɦljɯw, *lɯw
*rlɯw
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*lɯw, *lɯwɢs
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯwɢs
*lɯwɢs, *l'ɯwɢ
*lɯwɢs
*l'ɯːwɢ, *l̥ʰɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯw, *lɯwɢs): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *lɯw).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l][u]/
English flow(ing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. oil; fat; grease; lard
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
    /   ―  zhūyóu  ―  lard
      ―  shíyóu  ―  petroleum; oil
    /   ―  yóu  ―  engine oil
  2. to paint
    [Cantonese]  ―  jau4 uk1 [Jyutping]  ―  to paint the house
  3. to be grease-stained
  4. sly; glib

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwH/
Li
Rong
/iuH/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯwɢs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (yòu, “to glaze”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From the 未然形(mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 炙る(aburu, to warm, to toast).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あぶら, romaji abura)

  1. oil

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yu) (hangeul )

  1. oil

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (abura).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

  1. oil

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あんだ, romaji anda)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (abura).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あんだ, romaji anda)

  1. oil

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dầu, dẫu, dàu, , , du, rầu, trầu)

  1. oil, fat, grease

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for oil is dầu.

ReferencesEdit