Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+6CB9, 油
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CB9

[U+6CB8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CBA]
See also: , , and 𣳑

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水中田 (ELW), four-corner 35160, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 614, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1585, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CB9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)
(Classical)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs, *lɯwɢs
*l̥ʰɯw
*l̥ʰɯw, *l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw, *ɦljɯw, *lɯw
*rlɯw
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*lɯw, *lɯwɢs
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯwɢs
*lɯwɢs, *l'ɯwɢ
*lɯwɢs
*l'ɯːwɢ, *l̥ʰɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯw, *lɯwɢs): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *lɯw).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l][u]/
English flow(ing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. oil; fat; grease; lard
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
    /   ―  zhūyóu  ―  lard
      ―  shíyóu  ―  petroleum; oil
    /   ―  yóu  ―  engine oil
    [Cantonese]  ―  lau6 jau4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to leak oil
  2. to paint
    [Cantonese]  ―  jau4 uk1 [Jyutping]  ―  to paint the house
  3. to be grease-stained
  4. sly; glib

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwH/
Li
Rong
/iuH/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯwɢs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (yòu, “to glaze”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 炙る (aburu, to warm, to toast).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あぶら, rōmaji abura)

  1. oil

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul )

  1. oil

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (abura).

NounEdit

(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

  1. oil

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (abura).

NounEdit

(hiragana あんだ, romaji anda)

  1. oil

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dầu, dẫu, dàu, , , du, rầu, trầu)

  1. oil, fat, grease

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for oil is dầu.

ReferencesEdit