Contents

ChineseEdit

ocean; sea suckling pig
simp. and trad.
(海豚)

EtymologyEdit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

海豚

  1. dolphin

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 海豚 ("dolphin")
Variety Location Words
Taxonomic Taxonomic 海豚
Mandarin Beijing 海豚
Taiwan 海豚
Cantonese Hong Kong 海豚
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 海豚
Liudui (S. Sixian) 海豚
Hsinchu (Hailu) 海豚
Dongshi (Dabu) 海豚
Taiwanese Raoping 海豚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 海豬
Min Nan Xiamen 白鰗海豬媽祖婆魚媽祖魚鎮港魚
Zhangzhou 白鰗媽祖魚鎮港魚
Taipei 海豬仔
Kaohsiung 海豬
Tainan 海豬仔
Taichung 海豬
Yilan 海豬仔
Lukang 海豬仔
Sanxia 海豬仔
Kinmen 海豬
Magong 海鼠
Hsinchu 海豬
Chaozhou 義魚

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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海豚 (iruka): a dolphin or porpoise.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. One of the more likely native-Japanese theories is that this was originally a compound of Old Japanese elements ‎(iwo, fish) +‎ ‎(uka, food, something used as food).

/iwo uka//iru uka//iruka/

Another possibility is that it was a borrowing from Ainu. Compare Sakhalin Ainu リク ‎(riku), イリク ‎(iriku), or Kuril Ainu リカ ‎(rika, whale).[1]

Given the unlikely sound shift required for the Old Japanese derivation, an origin from Ainu seems more likely.

The 海豚 spelling, which literally means “sea pig”, is borrowed from Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

海豚 ‎(hiragana いるか, katakana イルカ, romaji iruka)

  1. a dolphin or porpoise (the mammal)

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as イルカ.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2005, Martine Robbeets (2005:190) Is Japanese Related to Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic?
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KikaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚 ‎(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 ‎(fītu).

NounEdit

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふぃとぅ, romaji fitu, hiragana ぴとぅ, romaji pitu)

  1. dolphin

KunigamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚 ‎(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 ‎(fītu).

NounEdit

海豚 ‎(hiragana ひーとぅい, romaji hītui)

  1. dolphin

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚 ‎(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 ‎(fītu).

NounEdit

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふとぅ, romaji futu)

  1. dolphin

OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚 ‎(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig).

NounEdit

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふぃーとぅ, romaji fītu)

  1. dolphin

Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚 ‎(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 ‎(fītu).

NounEdit

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふとぅ, romaji futu)

  1. dolphin
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