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See also:
U+6D85, 涅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D85

[U+6D84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D86]
涅 U+2F905, 涅
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F905
浸
[U+2F904]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𣴞
[U+2F906]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水日土 (EAG), four-corner 36114, composition)

  1. blacken
  2. black mud, slime
  3. to tattoo
  4. abbreviation for 涅槃 (nirvana)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 626, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17521
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1027, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1623, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6D85

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ
*njiɡ

EtymologyEdit

"black mud"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nyak (filth(y); excrement) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan སྙིགས་པ (snyigs pa, impure sediment), Burmese ညစ် (nyac, dirty; filthy).

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Related to (OC *niːl, *niːls)? Schuessler (2007) suggests no, STEDT suggests yes.”)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (87)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/net̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/net̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/net̚/
Wang
Li
/niet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niè
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10841
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*niːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. black mud
  2. melanterite (which can be used as black dye)
  3. black
  4. to dye black; to blacken
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Analects of Confucius, circa 475 – 221 BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
    Bù yuē bái hū, niè ér bù zī. [Pinyin]
    Is it not said, that, if a thing be really white, it may be steeped in a dark fluid without being made black?
  5. Short for 涅槃 (nièpán, “(Buddhism) nirvana”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. black soil

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Kanji in this term
くり
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō (938 CE).[1]

Cognate with (kuro, black), likely from a kur- stem.

NounEdit

(hiragana くり, rōmaji kuri)

  1. black soil (used for dyes)
  2. Short for 涅色 (kuriiro): a brownish-black color

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(nyeol>yeol, nal) (hangeul >, , revised nyeol>yeol, nal, McCune–Reischauer nyŏl>yŏl, nal, Yale nyel>yel, nal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nết, nạt, nét, nhít, nít, niết, nớt, nức, nát)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit