Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水一土土 (EMGG), four-corner 31114)

  1. shore, bank, water's edge

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 627, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17582
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1029, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1643, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6DAF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia³⁵/
Harbin /ia²⁴/
Tianjin /iɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /iɛ⁴²/
Qingdao /ia⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ia⁴²/
Xi'an /iai²⁴/
Xining /ia²⁴/
Yinchuan /ia⁵³/
Lanzhou /ia⁵³/
Ürümqi /ia⁵¹/
Wuhan /ia²¹³/
Chengdu /ia⁵³/
Guiyang /ia²¹/
Kunming /ia̠³¹/
Nanjing /iɑ²⁴/
Hefei /ia⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ia¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiɑ¹³/
Hohhot /ia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦia¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦie̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋa³¹/
Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
Tunxi /ŋɔ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ia¹³/
Xiangtan /iɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋai¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋɑi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²¹/
Nanning /ŋai²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋai²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gai³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋai⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋãi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zai³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇ/ /ŋie̯/ /ŋie/ /ŋiɛ/ /ŋiə̆/ /ŋǐe/ /ŋjɛ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣɛ/ /ŋai/ /ŋɛ/ /ŋɯæ/ /ŋaɨj/ /ŋai/ /ŋæi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngɛ › /*ŋˤrar/ river bank; limit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4535 0 /*ŋreː/
4546 0 /*ŋre/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shore, horizon

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

By extension from verb 果てる ‎(hateru, to be at an end, to finish, to be done).

The hate reading for is rare, and is not listed in all dictionaries.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はて, romaji hate)

  1. the end of the land: the shore
  2. the end of the visible world: the horizon

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ae, ui) (hangeul , , revised ae, ui, McCune-Reischauer ae, ŭi, Yale ay, uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhai, rượi, nhười, rười, nhầy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language