U+6DAF, 涯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DAF

[U+6DAE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DB0]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水一土土 (EMGG), four-corner 31114, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 627, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17582
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1029, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1643, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6DAF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia³⁵/
Harbin /ia²⁴/
Tianjin /iɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /iɛ⁴²/
Qingdao /ia⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ia⁴²/
Xi'an /iai²⁴/
Xining /ia²⁴/
Yinchuan /ia⁵³/
Lanzhou /ia⁵³/
Ürümqi /ia⁵¹/
Wuhan /ia²¹³/
Chengdu /ia⁵³/
Guiyang /ia²¹/
Kunming /ia̠³¹/
Nanjing /iɑ²⁴/
Hefei /ia⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ia¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiɑ¹³/
Hohhot /ia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦia²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦie̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋa³¹/
Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
Tunxi /ŋɔ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ia¹³/
Xiangtan /iɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋai¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋɑi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²¹/
Nanning /ŋai²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋai²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gai³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋai⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋãi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zai³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (13) (31)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇ/ /ŋˠɛ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛ/ /ŋᵚæ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɛ/ /ŋæi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiə̆/ /ŋaɨj/
Li
Rong
/ŋje/ /ŋɛ/
Wang
Li
/ŋǐe/ /ŋai/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋie̯/ /ŋai/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngɛ ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˁrar/
English river bank; limit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4535 4546
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋreː/ /*ŋre/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bank; shore
  2. limit; boundary; margin
    Synonym: ()

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𠊎 (“I; me; my”).
(This character, , is a variant form of 𠊎.)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shore, horizon

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: (ge)
  • Kan-on: がい (gai, Jōyō)
  • Kun: はて (hate, )

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

By extension from verb 果てる (hateru, to be at an end, to finish, to be done).

The hate reading for is rare, and is not listed in all dictionaries.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(はて) (hate

  1. the end of the land: the shore
  2. the end of the visible world: the horizon

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋˠiᴇ, ŋˠɛ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: ay) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 물가 (mulga ae))

  1. Hanja form? of (shore).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: rượi, nhai, nhười, rười, nhầy

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.