Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to mix; to get along; thoughtless; confused; dirty; mix
confused; turbid
simp. and trad.
(混沌)
alt. forms 渾沌浑沌
渾敦浑敦 archaic
混淪混沦 archaic
渾淪浑沦 archaic

EtymologyEdit

Old Chinese *guːnʔ duːnʔ. The variant 渾淪浑沦 (húnlún) suggests that this perhaps came from *guːnʔ l̥uːnʔ ~ guːnʔ ruːnʔ, from **gruːnʔ, from the root *k(V)r- ("to flow > to mix > to be turbid, chaotic").

Related to 餛飩馄饨 (húntún, “wonton”) and 雲吞云吞 (yúntūn, “wonton”).

Compare (OC *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ), (OC *ɡuːnʔ, “rapidly flowing water; turbidity; confusedness; unclearness; big; whole”), Korean 흐르다 (heureuda, “to flow; to float; to fill”), 흐리다 (heurida, “to be turbid, unclear, indistinct”), 흐릿하다 (heurithada, “to be vague, indistinct”).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/3
Initial () (33) (7)
Final () (55) (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuənX/ /duənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuonX/ /duonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwənX/ /dwənX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuənX/ /dʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hùn dùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 3/3
No. 7536 12558
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːnʔ/ /*duːnʔ/

NounEdit

混沌

  1. Hundun, or the unclear, confused and nebulous state of the primordial world
  2. wholeness; inseparability
  3. unclearness; indistinctness; obscurity; vagueness; obfuscation
  4. silliness; stupidity
  5. mythical creature
  6. (physics) chaos

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (混沌):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Jinmeiyō

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

混沌 ‎(-tari inflection, hiragana こんとん, romaji konton)

  1. chaotic

AdverbEdit

混沌 ‎(hiragana こんとん, romaji konton)

  1. chaotically

NounEdit

混沌 ‎(hiragana こんとん, romaji konton)

  1. chaos

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

混沌 ‎(hondon) ‎(hangeul 혼돈)

  1. Hanja form? of 혼돈, “chaos”.
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