混沌

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to mix; to get along; thoughtless; confused; dirty; mix
confused; turbid
simp. and trad.
(混沌)
alt. forms 渾沌浑沌
渾敦浑敦 archaic
混淪混沦 archaic
渾淪浑沦 archaic

EtymologyEdit

Old Chinese *guːnʔ duːnʔ. The variant 渾淪浑沦 (húnlún) suggests that this perhaps came from *guːnʔ l̥uːnʔ ~ guːnʔ ruːnʔ, from **gruːnʔ, from the root *k(V)r- ("to flow > to mix > to be turbid, chaotic").

Related to 餛飩馄饨 (húntún, “wonton”) and 雲吞云吞 (yúntūn, “wonton”).

Compare (OC *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ), (OC *ɡuːnʔ, “rapidly flowing water; turbidity; confusedness; unclearness; big; whole”), Korean 흐르다 (heureuda, “to flow; to float; to fill”), 흐리다 (heurida, “to be turbid, unclear, indistinct”), 흐릿하다 (heurithada, “to be vague, indistinct”).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (混沌, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (55)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hùn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦuənX/ /ɦuonX/ /ɣuənX/ /ɦwənX/ /ɣuənX/ /ɣuənX/ /ɣuənX/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (7)
Final: (55)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tún
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duən/ /duon/ /duən/ /dwən/ /duən/ /duən/ /dʱuən/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (7)
Final: (55)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dùn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duənX/ /duonX/ /duənX/ /dwənX/ /duənX/ /duənX/ /dʱuənX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (11)
Final: (80)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhuàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɣiuᴇnX/ /ɖʷɯiɛnX/ /ȡiuænX/ /ɖwianX/ /ȡjuɛnX/ /ȡĭwɛnX/ /ȡʱi̯wɛnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (混沌, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7536 2 /*ɡuːnʔ/
12539 3 /*donʔ/
12552 2 /*duːn/
12558 2 /*duːnʔ/

NounEdit

混沌

  1. Hundun, or the unclear, confused and nebulous state of the primordial world
  2. wholeness, inseparability
  3. unclearness, indistinctness, obscurity, vagueness, obfuscation
  4. silliness, stupidity
  5. a mythical creature
  6. (physics) chaos

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (混沌):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Jinmeiyō

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

混沌 ‎(-tari inflection, hiragana こんとん, romaji konton)

  1. chaotic

AdverbEdit

混沌 ‎(hiragana こんとん, romaji konton)

  1. chaotically

NounEdit

混沌 ‎(hiragana こんとん, romaji konton)

  1. chaos
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