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ChineseEdit

 
to mix; to get along; thoughtless; confused; dirty; mix
confused; turbid
simp. and trad.
(混沌)
alt. forms 渾沌浑沌
渾敦浑敦 archaic
混淪混沦 archaic
渾淪浑沦 archaic

EtymologyEdit

Old Chinese *guːnʔ duːnʔ. The variant 渾淪浑沦 (húnlún) suggests that this perhaps came from *guːnʔ l̥uːnʔ ~ guːnʔ ruːnʔ, from **gruːnʔ, from the root *k(V)r- ("to flow > to mix > to be turbid, chaotic").

Related to 餛飩馄饨 (húntún, “wonton”) and 雲吞云吞 (yúntūn, “wonton”).

Compare (OC *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ), (OC *ɡuːnʔ, “rapidly flowing water; turbidity; confusedness; unclearness; big; whole”), Korean 흐르— (heureu-, “to flow; to float; to fill”), 흐리— (heuri-, “to be turbid, unclear, indistinct”), 흐릿하— (heuritha-, “to be vague, indistinct”).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/3
Initial () (33) (7)
Final () (55) (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuənX/ /duənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuonX/ /duonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwənX/ /dwənX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuənX/ /duənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuənX/ /dʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hùn dùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 3/3
No. 7536 12558
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːnʔ/ /*duːnʔ/

NounEdit

混沌

  1. Hundun, or the unclear, confused and nebulous state of the primordial world
  2. wholeness; inseparability
  3. unclearness; indistinctness; obscurity; vagueness; obfuscation
  4. silliness; stupidity
  5. (mythology) hundun, legendary faceless creature
  6. (physics) chaos

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (混沌):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Jinmeiyō

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

混沌 (-tari inflection, hiragana こんとん, rōmaji konton)

  1. chaotic

AdverbEdit

混沌 (hiragana こんとん, rōmaji konton)

  1. chaotically

NounEdit

混沌 (hiragana こんとん, rōmaji konton)

  1. chaos

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

混沌 (hondon) (hangeul 혼돈)

  1. Hanja form? of 혼돈, “chaos”.