Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  – to increase by pouring more water in.

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水竹大心 (EHKP) or 水一大心 (EMKP), four-corner 32133, composition)

  1. append, add to
  2. increase

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 632, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1039, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1639, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6DFB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (6)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰem/ /tʰiem/ /tʰem/ /tʰem/ /tʰɛm/ /tʰiem/ /tʰɛm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tiān ‹ them › /*l̥ ˤ[i]m/ add

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12381 2 /*tʰiːm/

VerbEdit

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ParticleEdit

  1. (Cantonese) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thêm, thiêm, thếch)

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