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U+6DFB, 添
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DFB

[U+6DFA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DFC]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水竹大心 (EHKP) or 水一大心 (EMKP), four-corner 32133, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 632, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1039, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1639, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6DFB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰiːm
*l̥ʰiːmʔ, *l̥ʰiːms
*tʰiːmʔ
*l̥ʰiːmʔ
*diːm
*qʰl'iːn
*qʰl'iːn, *qʰl'ɯːn
*qʰliːn
*zluːm, *hl'iːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰiːm): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰiːmʔ, *l̥ʰiːms) – to increase by pouring more water in.

EtymologyEdit

Compare Proto-Tai *k.temᴬ (full), whence Thai เต็ม (dtem, full) (Manomaivibool, 1975).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • thiⁿ - vernacular;
  • thiam - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (157)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰem/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰem/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛm/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰem/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰiem/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰiem/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tiān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ them ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁ[i]m/
    English add

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12381
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰiːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to add; to increase
    2. to give birth to (a baby)
    3. (Cantonese) Alternative form of 𠻹 (tim1, “again; more”).
    4. (Cantonese) Alternative form of 𠻹 (tim1, “modal particle”).
    5. (Taishanese) need to (do something); have to
      橫掂 [Taishanese, trad.]
      横掂 [Taishanese, simp.]
      I have to go anyway.

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to attach

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (cheom) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thêm, thiêm, thếch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit