See also:
U+6E2F, 港
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E2F

[U+6E2E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E30]
港 U+2F908, 港
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F908
洴
[U+2F907]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 湮
[U+2F909]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that, as in , in Chinese, the bottom is , while in Japanese, the bottom is .

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水廿金山 (ETCU), four-corner 34117, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 635, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17783
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1042, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1668, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6E2F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𣿑
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • káng (Min Nan)

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs): semantic (river; water) + phonetic (OC *ɡroːŋs).

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with (OC *kroːŋ, “river”) (Schuessler, 2007). The southern dialectal word originally meant "small river/stream", which is still preserved in some Min languages. The irregular pronunciation in Mandarin (expected Mandarin reflex is *jiǎng) originated from southern dialects where velars have not palatalized (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋX/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋX/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gong2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4150
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tributary of a larger river or lake
  2. (dialectal) river
  3. port; harbor
  4. large airport
  5. Short for 香港 (Xiānggǎng, “Hong Kong”).
    [Cantonese]  ―  gong2 jan4 zi6 gong2 [Jyutping]  ―  Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong
  6. (colloquial) Hong Kong-styled
  7. (Hokkien) Classifier for fluids: stream
  8. A surname​.

Usage notesEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣuŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hung6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4163
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡloːŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 港洞.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
みなと
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese: () (mi, water) + (na, possessive particle) + () (to, gate). Attested in the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki as 水門.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

(みなと) (minato

  1. port

Proper nounEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

(みなと) (Minato

  1. Minato (one of 23 special wards in Tokyo prefecture, Japan)
  2. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠʌŋX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 가ᇰ〯 (Yale: kǎng)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 개〮 (Yale: káy) 하ᇰ〯 (Yale: hǎng)

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ha̠(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 항구(港口) (hanggu hang))

  1. Hanja form? of (harbour; port). [noun]

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cảng

  1. Hán tự form of cảng (port; harbor).