See also: 尿

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njewɢ, *neːwɢ): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *njewɢ) – water, urinate.

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水弓一一 (ENMM), four-corner 37127)

  1. drown
  2. submerge in water
  3. indulge

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 641, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17990
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1048, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1710, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6EBA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni⁵¹/
Harbin /ni⁵³/
Tianjin /ni⁵³/
Jinan /ȵi²¹/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni³¹²/
Xi'an /ni²¹/
Xining /mji²¹³/
Yinchuan /ni¹³/
Lanzhou /ȵi¹³/
Ürümqi /ȵi²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵie³¹/
/ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəʔ²/
Pingyao /ȵiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /niəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ȵiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ȵiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ȵai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ȵi²⁴/
Xiangtan /ȵi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /nit̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /nek̚²/
Nanning /nek̚²²/
Hong Kong /nek̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (38) (8)
Final () (107) (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐk̚/ /nek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐk̚/ /nek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑk̚/ /nɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨak̚/ /nɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiak̚/ /nek̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭak̚/ /niek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ak̚/ /niek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niào
Middle
Chinese
‹ nek › ‹ newH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤewk/ /*kə.nˤewk-s/
English to sink in water urine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10948 10952
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njewɢ/ /*neːwɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(nik>ik, nyo>yo) (hangeul [[닉>익, 뇨>요#Korean|닉>익, 뇨>요]], revised nik>ik, nyo>yo, McCune-Reischauer nik>ik, nyo>yo, Yale nik>ik, nyo>yo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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