See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a bird. Compare ‎(bird), of similar development.

Sense “black, dark” generalized from crow – “black as a crow”. Compare , from “black as ink”.

Han characterEdit

A black crow

(radical 86 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹口卜火 (HRYF), four-corner 27327)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 670, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18998
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1079, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2202, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+70CF

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “The term 烏有 uses to mean not, none. This seems to be a phonetic use of the character in Middle Chinese (or older?) as part of a series of interrogatives that all started with /ʔ-/, including Middle Chinese , , and . Is this the case, or just a coincidence of form and function? Do these interrogatives have any cognates in Tibetan or other Sino-Tibetan languages?”

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /u⁵⁵/
Harbin /u⁴⁴/
Tianjin /u²¹/
Jinan /u²¹³/
Qingdao /vu²¹³/
Zhengzhou /u²⁴/
Xi'an /u²¹/
Xining /v̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vu³¹/
Ürümqi /vu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /u⁵⁵/
Chengdu /u⁵⁵/
Guiyang /u⁵⁵/
Kunming /u⁴⁴/
Nanjing /u³¹/
Hefei /u²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /vu¹¹/
Pingyao /u¹³/
Hohhot /vu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /u⁵³/
Suzhou /əu⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔu³³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³³/
Hui Shexian /u³¹/
Tunxi /u¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /u³³/
Xiangtan /u³³/
Gan Nanchang /u⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /vu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wu⁵³/
Nanning /wu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ɔ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /u⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /u⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ou³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /u²³/
/ɔu²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔɔ/ /u/ /ʔo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔu › /*[ʔ]ˤa/ oh!
‹ ʔu › /*qˤa/ crow, raven; black
‹ ʔu › /*ʔˤa/ 烏桓, 烏丸 Wūhuán: Avars (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13077 0 /*qaː/

NounEdit

  1. crow, raven, rook

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (Min Nan, Hakka) black, dark
    烏烏落雨 / 乌乌落雨 [Min Nan]  ―  Thiⁿ o͘-o͘, beh lo̍h-hō͘. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  The sky is dark; it seems like it will rain.

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(karasu): a crow, a raven.
Kanji in this term
からす
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Compound of から ‎(kara, caw, onomatopoeia) +‎ ‎(su, bird?, ancient suffix appearing in certain bird names).[1] Compare the ‎(su) in ‎(uguisu), 杜鵑 ‎(hototogisu).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana からす, katakana カラス, romaji karasu)

  1. a crow; a raven
Usage notesEdit

This is the most common reading for this character when used in isolation in modern Japanese.

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カラス.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana がらさー, romaji garasā, hiragana がるさー, romaji garusā)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(karasu).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana がらさー, romaji garasā, hiragana がるさー, romaji garusā)

  1. crow, raven

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o, Yale o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana からすぃ, romaji karasi)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(karasu).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana からすぃ, romaji karasi)

  1. crow, raven

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana がらし, romaji garashi)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(karasu).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana がらし, romaji garashi)

  1. crow, raven

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ô, o, dặng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana がらち, romaji garachi)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(karasu).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana がらち, romaji garachi)

  1. crow, raven
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