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U+722A, 爪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722A

[U+7229]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722B]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • – when used as a top radical

Han characterEdit

(radical 87, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹中人 (HLO), four-corner 72230, composition𠂆)

  1. Kangxi radical #87, .

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 688, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2030, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+722A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms ancient

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsruː, *ʔsruːʔ, *ʔsruːs
*ʔsruːʔ
*ʔsruːʔ, *ʔsruːs
*ʔsruːʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a hand grabbing from above (in earlier forms from side); compare , , .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zhuǎ - “claw; claw-like object”.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • cháu - literary;
    • chiáu/liáu/niáu/jiáu - vernacular.
    Note:
    • riao2 - Shantou;
    • riou2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠauX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚauX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂaɨwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂauX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsræwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˁ<r>uʔ/
    English claw

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17658
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsruːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. claw (of animal, bird); talon; paw; nail
    2. to grab with claws
    3. claw-like object; foot (of an item)
    4. (derogatory or humorous) hand (of a person)
    5. A surname​.

    Usage notesEdit

    • (zhuǎ) ― paws or claws of vertebrates, except for humans, bears, ducks, geese and swans
    • (qián) ― claws of arthropods (crabs, clawed lobsters, scorpions, etc.)
    • (zhǎng) ― hands, paws or claws of humans (only in compounds), bears, ducks, geese or swans
    • (shǒu) ― hands or hooves of humans or swines (only when swine hoof as a food)
    • () ― hooves

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. nail, claw

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): そう ()
    • Kun: つめ (tsume, , Jōyō); つま (tsuma, , Jōyō, uncommon)

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    つめ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese,[1] in turn from Proto-Japonic *tumay. The standalone form of tsuma below.[1] Likely derived as a fusion of tsuma + emphatic nominalizing particle (i), similar to the phonetic development of (me, from ma + i) or (kami, from kamu + i).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つめ, rōmaji tsume)

    1. nail; claw
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つま
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, presumably in turn from Proto-Japonic *tuma. The root form of tsume above, generally only used in compounds. Cognate with (tsuma, edge, side of something) and (tsuma, wife, original sense of “spouse).[1]

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana つま, rōmaji tsuma)

    1. (only in compounds) nail; claw
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KhitanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Distantly related with Proto-Mongolic *jaxun (hundred), whence Classical Mongolian ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ (jaγun) (> Mongolian зуу (zuu) and Daur jau).

    NumeralEdit

    (jau)

    1. hundred (100)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune–Reischauer cho, Yale co)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (trảo, trẩu, vuốt, trảu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.