ChineseEdit

male
 
red; pellet; powder
red; pellet; powder; cinnabar
simp. and trad.
(牡丹)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
 
牡丹

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (5)
Final () (137) (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məwX/ /tan/
Li
Rong
/muX/ /tɑn/
Wang
Li
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mə̯uX/ /tɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mǒu dān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mau5 daan1

NounEdit

牡丹

  1. tree peony
  2. (obsolete) marlberry

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (牡丹):
  • Japanese: ()(たん) (botan)
  • Korean: 모란 (牡丹, moran)
  • Vietnamese: mẫu đơn (牡丹)

Others:

Proper nounEdit

牡丹

  1. () Mudan (a district of Heze, Shandong, China)
  2. () Mudan (a mountain indigenous township in Pingtung, Taiwan)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
たん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 牡丹 (MC məuX tɑn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()(たん) (botan

  1. a peony, especially the Chinese tree peony, Paeonia suffruticosa
    Synonyms: 国色 (kokushoku), 天香国色 (tenkō kokushoku), 隣草 (tonarigusa), 名取草 (natorigusa), 富貴草 (fūkigusa), 深見草 (fukamigusa)
  2. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of peony petals and twigs
  3. (historical) boar meat
  4. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Proper nounEdit

()(たん) (Botan

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぼう
Jinmeiyō
たん
Grade: S
on’yomi

/botan//boːtan/

Long-pronounced form, replacing the kanyōon reading bo with the kan'on reading of . Primarily used in haiku, for example.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ぼう)(たん) (bōtan

  1. a peony
  2. a 小袖 (kosode, short-sleeved robe) worn by maidservants of the Imperial Palace
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

牡丹 (moran) (hangeul 모란)

  1. Hanja form? of 모란 (peony).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

牡丹

  1. chữ Hán form of mẫu đơn (peony).