See also:
U+72F9, 狹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72F9

[U+72F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72FA]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大竹大人人 (KHKOO), four-corner 44238, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 711, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20428
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1123, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1348, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+72F9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡreːb): semantic (dog) + phonetic (OC *kreːb) – narrow-minded, like a dog.

EtymologyEdit

The endopassive of (OC *kreːb, “to press between”) (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gjap (narrow; crowded), from which Burmese ကျပ် (kyap, tight) is derived (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note: gip6 - vernacular.
Note:
  • Meixian:
    • hab6 - verncular;
    • hiab6 - literary.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • hiĕk - literary;
    • ĕk - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ha̍p - literary;
    • hia̍p/oe̍h/e̍h - vernacular.
    Note:
    • hiab8/hiêb8 - literary (hiêb8 - Chaozhou);
    • oih8 - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕia³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕia²⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕia⁴²/
    Qingdao /ɕia⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕia⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕia²⁴/
    Xining /ɕia²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕia⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕia⁵³/
    /t͡ɕʰia¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕia⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕia²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕia³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕia²¹/
    Kunming /ɕia̠³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕiɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiaʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ɕia³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ɦaʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦiɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ɦa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xa²²/
    Tunxi /xɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕia²⁴/
    Xiangtan /xɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /haʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /hap̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /hiɑp̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hap̚³/
    Nanning /hap̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hap̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hap̚⁵/
    /ueʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa²⁴/
    /kiɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiap̚⁵/
    /oiʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiap̚³/
    /kiap̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (152)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɐp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəɨp̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɐp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɐp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣăp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiá
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    haap6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiá
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hɛp ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-kˁ<r>ep/
    English narrow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5896
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡreːb/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. narrow; limited
    2. narrow-minded

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. narrow
    2. contract
    3. reduce
    4. tight
    5. limited

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune–Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: hẹp, hiẹp, hệp

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.