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See also:
U+7345, 獅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7345

[U+7344]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7346]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːl, *srel, *sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sri): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *sri).

EtymologyEdit

First mentioned in the Book of Han [1st century CE], in the description of the "specialties" from the 烏弋山離 (OC *ʔˤa lək srar raj, “Alexandria”) country in the Western Regions. The country referred to is likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Compare Middle Persian šgl (šagr, šēr, lion; (astronomy) Leo), Khotanese sarau (lion). Related to 狻猊 (OC *sloːn ŋeː).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • su/sir - literary;
  • sai - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
/sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sai⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sai³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11437
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. lion

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. a lion

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (/ʃɣiɪ/).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji shi)

  1. lion

Usage notesEdit

Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: sư

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999