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See also:
U+7345, 獅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7345

[U+7344]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7346]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːl, *srel, *sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sri): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *sri).

EtymologyEdit

First mentioned in the Book of Han [1st century CE], in the description of the "specialties" from the 烏弋山離 (OC *ʔˤa lək srar raj, “Alexandria”) country in the Western Regions. The country referred to is likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Compare Middle Persian šgl (šagr, šēr, lion; (astronomy) Leo), Khotanese sarau (sarau, lion). Related to 狻猊 (OC *sloːn ŋeː).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • su/sir - literary;
  • sai - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
    Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
    Hefei /sz̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
    Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
    Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
    Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
    Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
    Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
    /sai⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sai⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sai³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠiɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃiɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂji/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃji/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shī
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11437
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sri/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. lion

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. a lion

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪ).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji shi)

    1. lion

    Usage notesEdit

    Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune–Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • Nôm: sư

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999