Chinese

edit
male
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 p.m.–1 a.m., midnight
 
simp. and trad.
(男子)

Pronunciation

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (8) (13)
Final () (159) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Baxter nom tsiX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌm/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəm/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒm/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəm/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/nᴀm/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/nɒm/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/năm/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
naam4 zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nán
Middle
Chinese
‹ nom › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁ[ə]m/ /*tsəʔ/
English man, male child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9354 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nuːm/ /*ʔslɯʔ/

Noun

edit

男子

  1. (formal) man; male (Classifier: m c;  m c)

Synonyms

edit

Antonyms

edit

Derived terms

edit

Japanese

edit
Kanji in this term
だん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(だん)() (danshi

  1. a male ; a guy

Usage notes

edit
  • Note: in terms of grammar and linguistics, the word solely means a "male". However, abroad it is often translated as "boy" to contrast to the term 男性, which refers to a man in general. The difference being one refers to the gender-specific male, while the other a singular man.

Antonyms

edit

Derived terms

edit
edit

References

edit
  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

edit
Hanja in this term

Noun

edit

男子 (namja) (hangeul 남자)

  1. Hanja form? of 남자 (man; gentleman; boy; male).

Vietnamese

edit
chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

edit

男子

  1. chữ Hán form of nam tử (boy; son).