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See also:
U+77BC, 瞼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77BC

[U+77BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77BD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月山人一人 (BUOMO), four-corner 68086, composition)

  1. eyelid

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 819, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23744
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1231, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2518, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+77BC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiamX/
Li
Rong
/kjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10210
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kramʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. eyelid

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. eyelid

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
まぶた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of (ma, eye, ancient combining form of modern reading me) +‎ (futa, lid).[1][2][3][4] The futa changes to buta as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まぶた, rōmaji mabuta)

  1. (anatomy) eyelid
  2. (figuratively) memory
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
まなぶた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE. Derived as a compound of (ma, eye, ancient combining form of modern reading me) +‎ (na, old variant of possessive particle no) +‎ (futa, lid).[1][2][3] The futa changes to buta as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まなぶた, rōmaji manabuta)

  1. (anatomy, archaic, possibly obsolete) eyelid

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune–Reischauer kŏm, Yale kem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lim, kiểm, kèm, kẻm, liễm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit