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See also:
U+77BC, 瞼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77BC

[U+77BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77BD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月山人一人 (BUOMO), four-corner 68086, composition)

  1. eyelid

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 819, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23744
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1231, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2518, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+77BC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiamX/
Li
Rong
/kjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10210
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kramʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. eyelid

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 眼皮 (“eyelid”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼瞼
Mandarin Beijing 眼皮兒
Taiwan 眼皮
Harbin 眼皮眼皮子
Jinan 眼皮兒
Muping 眼皮子眼皮兒
Luoyang 眼皮兒
Jiedian 眼泡兒
Xi'an 眼皮兒
Xining 眼皮兒
Xuzhou 眼皮兒眼皮子
Yinchuan 眼皮子
Lanzhou 眼皮子
Ürümqi 眼皮子
Wuhan 眼皮子眼皮
Chengdu 眼皮子眼皮
Guiyang 眼皮
Liuzhou 眼皮
Yangzhou 眼睛箍子眼睛箍眼睛皮子
Nanjing 眼皮
Cantonese Guangzhou 眼皮
Hong Kong 眼皮
Dongguan 眼皮
Gan Nanchang 眼睛皮子
Lichuan 眼皮
Pingxiang 眼皮
Hakka Meixian 眼皮
Yudu 眼皮
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠皮目珠瞼
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠皮目珠瞼
Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠皮
Hsinchu (Raoping) 目珠皮
Singkawang 目珠皮
Huizhou Jixi 眼皮
Jin Taiyuan 眼皮
Pingyao 眼泡皮
Xinzhou 眼皮子
Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭皮
Min Dong Fuzhou 目皮
Fuqing 目皮
Min Nan Xiamen 目睭皮目蚶
Quanzhou 目睭皮
Zhangzhou 目睭皮目蚶
Taipei 目睭皮目蚶
Kaohsiung 目睭皮
Tainan 目睭皮目蚶
Taichung 目睭皮目蚶
Wuqi 目皮目蚶
Hsinchu 目睭皮目蚶
Taitung 目睭皮目蚶
Lukang 目睭皮目蚶
Yilan 目睭皮目蚶
Magong 目跤皮目蚶
Penang 目睭皮
Haikou 目皮
Leizhou 目跤皮
Pinghua Nanning 眼皮
Wu Shanghai 眼皮
Suzhou 眼泡皮
Hangzhou 眼皮兒
Wenzhou 眼皮
Chongming 眼脬
Danyang 眼皮
Ningbo 眼泡皮
Xiang Changsha 眼睛皮子眼皮子
Loudi 眼皮子眼皮

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. eyelid

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
まぶた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of (ma, eye, ancient combining form of modern reading me) +‎ (futa, lid).[1][2][3][4] The futa changes to buta as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まぶた, rōmaji mabuta)

  1. (anatomy) eyelid
  2. (figuratively) memory
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
まなぶた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE. Derived as a compound of (ma, eye, ancient combining form of modern reading me) +‎ (na, old variant of possessive particle no) +‎ (futa, lid).[1][2][3] The futa changes to buta as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まなぶた, rōmaji manabuta)

  1. (anatomy, archaic, possibly obsolete) eyelid

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune–Reischauer kŏm, Yale kem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lim, kiểm, kèm, kẻm, liễm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit