U+7825, 砥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7825

[U+7824]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7826]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口竹心一 (MRHPM) or 一口竹女戈 (MRHVI), four-corner 12640, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 828, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24093
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1243, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2424, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+7825

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjelʔ, *tjil, *tjilʔ, *tjils): semantic (stone) + phonetic (OC *tiːl, *til).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • té - literary;
  • tí - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (23) (23) (23)
Final () (15) (11) (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪ/ /t͡ɕiᴇX/ /t͡ɕˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕiɛX/ /t͡ɕᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɪ/ /t͡ɕjɛX/ /t͡ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ci/ /ciə̆X/ /cjiX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕieX/ /t͡ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕǐeX/ /t͡ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕie̯X/ /t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī zhǐ zhǐ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi1 zi2 zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tijʔ/
English whetstone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 2258 2271 2273 2275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjelʔ/ /*tjil/ /*tjilʔ/ /*tjils/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) fine-grained whetstone
  2. to grind; to polish
  3. to temper oneself; to steel oneself
  4. smooth; level; even

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): (shi); てい (tei)
  • Kun: (to, ); といし (toishi, )

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune–Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.