U+78FD, 磽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78FD

[U+78FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+78FE]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112 +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一口土土山 (MRGGU), four-corner 14611)

  1. hard and infertile

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 837, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24494
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1254, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2455, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+78FD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋaːw, *rŋaːw, *rnaːwʔ
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːws, *ŋjew
*ŋ̥ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̥ʰeːwʔ
*ŋ̥ʰreːw
*hŋreːw
*hŋreːw, *ŋeːws
*hŋjew, *hŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ʔŋew
*ŋjew
*ŋjew
*ŋjewʔ, *ŋjaws
*ŋjewʔ
*njewʔ, *neːwʔ, *hŋeːws
*ŋ̥ʰew, *ŋ̥ʰews
*ŋ̥ʰew
*ɡew, *ɡews
*ŋkeːw, *ŋeːws
*ŋkeːw
*kŋeːwʔ, *ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːws
*hŋeːw, *hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋ̥ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̥ʰeːwʔ): semantic (stone) + phonetic (OC *ŋeːw).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (29) (29) (31)
Final () (90) (93) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II IV II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠau/ /kʰeuX/ /ŋˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚau/ /kʰeuX/ /ŋᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰau/ /kʰeuX/ /ŋauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨw/ /kʰɛwX/ /ŋaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kʰau/ /kʰeuX/ /ŋauH/
Wang
Li
/kʰau/ /kʰieuX/ /ŋauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰau/ /kʰieuX/ /ŋauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāo qiǎo yào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ khæw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.q]ʰˤrew/
English stony soil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 14661 14663 14688
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̥ʰreːw/ /*ŋreːws/ /*ŋ̥ʰeːwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.