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See also:
U+79AA, 禪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AA

[U+79A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional

Simplified

Japanese

Korean

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 戈火口口十 (IFRRJ), four-corner 36256, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 846, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1267, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2408, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+79AA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djan, *djans): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans).

Etymology 1Edit

Short for 禪那, which is a phonetic borrowing from Sanskrit ध्यान (dhyāna, dhyana).

PronunciationEdit


Note: sim4 - from dissimilation of initial and coda. Compare .
Note:
  • siân - literary;
  • sîⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 2031
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djan/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Buddhism) dhyana; deep meditation; contemplation
    2. Buddhist doctrine; Buddhist teachings
    3. relating to Buddhism; Buddhist; thoughtful; philosophical

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shàn
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ar-s/
    English hand over to another

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2036
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djans/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to worship (nature)
    2. to abdicate
    3. to hand over
    4. to inherit
      alt. forms: (2~4)

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. name of an ancient state

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thiền, thiện, xèng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.