U+79D2, 秒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79D2

[U+79D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79D3]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 115, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木火竹 (HDFH), four-corner 29920, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 850, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24952
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1274, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2593, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+79D2

Chinese

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Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *mewʔ) : semantic (cereal; grain) + phonetic (OC *hmjewʔ, *hmjews).

Etymology 1

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simp. and trad.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • biáu - literary;
    • bió - vernacular.
Note:
  • miao2 - Shantou;
  • miou2 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (91)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mjiewX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miᴇuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/miɛuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjæuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miawX/
Li
Rong
/miɛuX/
Wang
Li
/mĭɛuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɛuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miǎo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
miu5
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13698
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mewʔ/

Definitions

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  1. (obsolete) awn; arista
  2. (obsolete) tiny; minute; insignificant
  3. (obsolete) tip; end; extremity
  4. Classifier for time: second
    86400  ―  Yī tiān yǒu 86400 miǎo.  ―  There are 86,400 seconds in one day.
  5. Classifier for measuring an angle or latitude/longitude: second; arcsecond
  6. (obsolete) unit of length equal to 0.0001 cun
  7. (neologism, Internet slang, by extension) in seconds; immediately; instantly; at once
Synonyms
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Compounds
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Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“small; young; to look down on; to think little of; etc.”).
(This character is the second-round simplified form of ).
Notes:

Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. second

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
びょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(びょう) (byōべう (beu)?

  1. second (one-sixtieth of a minute; SI unit of time)
  2. second (unit of angular measure)

References

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  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (myo) based on Middle Chinese (MC mjiewX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 묘ᇢ〯 (Yale: myǒw)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (cho cho))

  1. Hanja form? of (the SI unit of time, second).
  2. Hanja form? of ((geometry) a second of arc).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: miểu, sao

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.