U+7BA1, 管
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BA1

[U+7BA0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BA2]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口口 (HJRR), four-corner 88777, composition 𥫗)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 889, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26162
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1316, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2986, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7BA1

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *koːnʔ) : semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *koːn).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • guāng - literary;
  • guōng - vernacular.
Note:
  • koán - literary;
  • kńg/kúiⁿ/kún - vernacular;
  • kóng - 栱 is used in the Mainland.
Note:
  • guang2/guêng2 - literary (guêng2 - Chaozhou);
  • geng2 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie 滿
Baxter kwanX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwanX/
Li
Rong
/kuɑnX/
Wang
Li
/kuɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gun2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guǎn guǎn guǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwanX › ‹ kwanX › ‹ kwanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁo[n]ʔ/ /*kʷˁa[n]ʔ/ /*kʷˁa[n]ʔ/
English tube; flute exhausted, helpless helpless

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4440
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːnʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. (music) a cylindrical double-reed woodwind instrument made of bamboo or wood
  2. (music, by extension) any wind instrument
  3. (by extension) slender tubular hollow object; pipe; tube; duct; canal; valve; fistula
      ―  guǎn  ―  straw
  4. (literary) calligraphy brush; inkbrush
  5. Classifier for tube-shaped objects.
  6. to administer; to manage; to control; to be in charge
      ―  guǎn  ―  to manage
  7. to subject someone to discipline; to discipline
  8. to concern oneself with; to interfere with
  9. to be responsible for the provision of; to provide; to supply
  10. to assure; to guarantee; to ensure; to keep
  11. despite; regardless of; irrespective of
  12. (colloquial) used in the pattern 管………… (“to call (someone/something the name of)”), where is followed by the entity that is being called a name
    臺灣人花生土豆 [MSC, trad.]
    台湾人花生土豆 [MSC, simp.]
    Táiwānrén guǎn huāshēng yě jiào tǔdòu. [Pinyin]
    Taiwanese people also call peanuts 土豆.
  13. (dialectal, colloquial) indicates the object of an action: to
  14. (Sichuanese) to be worth
  15. a surname
      ―  Guǎn Níng  ―  Guan Ning

Synonyms edit

  • (writing brush):
  • (to concern oneself with):
  • (to assure):

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (かん) (kan)
  • Korean: 관(管) (gwan)
  • Vietnamese: quản ()

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. pipe
  2. wind instrument
  3. administer
  4. brush; handle of a brush

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (kuɑnX, pipe, tube).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

  1. pipe
  2. a wind instrument

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
くだ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese (kuda, pipe, tube).[3][2][4]

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(くだ) (kuda

  1. a pipe or tube, such as that made of bamboo, wood, metal, or rubber
  2. a shuttle for weaving with a loom (from the way the earliest shuttles were made from bamboo tubes)
  3. the central axis of a spindle for winding the thread
  4. short for 管の笛 (kuda no fue), a kind of small pipe or flute used for signalling during a battle, similar to a fife
  5. an agricultural tool, used to gather up cut rice stalks
  6. short for 管狐 (kudagitsune), a kind of mythical fox roughly the size of a weasel, that would live in bamboo stalks and make prophecies of the future

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 [Daijisen] (in Japanese), First edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 피리 (piri gwan))

  1. Hanja form? of (pipe, tube).
  2. Hanja form? of (piri, a woodwind instrument).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: quản

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.