U+7BA1, 管
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BA1

[U+7BA0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BA2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口口 (HJRR), four-corner 88777, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 889, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26162
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1316, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2986, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7BA1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːnʔ): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *koːn).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • guāng - literary;
  • guōng - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • koán - literary;
    • kńg/kúiⁿ/kún - vernacular;
    • kóng - 栱 is used in the Mainland.
    Note:
    • guang2/guêng2 - literary (guêng2 - Chaozhou);
    • geng2 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie 滿
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guǎn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gun2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guǎn guǎn guǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwanX › ‹ kwanX › ‹ kwanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁo[n]ʔ/ /*kʷˁa[n]ʔ/ /*kʷˁa[n]ʔ/
    English tube; flute exhausted, helpless helpless

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4440
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːnʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (music) a cylindrical double-reed woodwind instrument made of bamboo or wood
    2. (music, by extension) any wind instrument
    3. (by extension) slender tubular hollow object; pipe; tube; duct; canal; valve; fistula
        ―  guǎn  ―  straw
    4. writing brush
    5. Classifier for tube-shaped objects.
    6. to administer; to manage; to control; to be in charge
        ―  guǎn  ―  to manage
    7. to subject someone to discipline; to discipline
    8. to concern oneself with; to interfere with
    9. to be responsible for the provision of; to provide; to supply; to guarantee
    10. despite; regardless of; irrespective of
    11. (colloquial) used in the pattern 管………… (“to call (someone/something the name of)”), where is followed by the entity that is being called a name
      臺灣人花生土豆 [MSC, trad.]
      台湾人花生土豆 [MSC, simp.]
      Táiwānrén guǎn huāshēng yě jiào tǔdòu. [Pinyin]
      Taiwanese people also call peanuts 土豆.
    12. (dialectal, colloquial) indicates the object of an action: to
    13. (Sichuanese) to be worth
    14. A surname​.
      /   ―  Guǎn Níng  ―  Guan Ning

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (かん) (kan)
    • Korean: (, gwan)
    • Vietnamese: quản ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (kuɑnX, pipe, tube).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

    1. pipe
    2. a wind instrument

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    くだ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese (kuda, pipe, tube).[2][1][3]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (くだ) (kuda

    1. a pipe or tube, such as that made of bamboo, wood, metal, or rubber
    2. a shuttle for weaving with a loom (from the way the earliest shuttles were made from bamboo tubes)
    3. the central axis of a spindle for winding the thread
    4. short for 管の笛 (kuda no fue), a kind of small pipe or flute used for signalling during a battle, similar to a fife
    5. an agricultural tool, used to gather up cut rice stalks
    6. short for 管狐 (kudagitsune), a kind of mythical fox roughly the size of a weasel, that would live in bamboo stalks and make prophecies of the future

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (gwan))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: quản

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.