See also:
U+7C21, 簡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C21

[U+7C20]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7C22]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 竹日弓日 (HANA), four-corner 88227, composition)

Related charactersEdit

  • 𥳑 (Kangxi dictionary form)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 901, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26520
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1325, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3017, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7C21

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𥳑
𫈉 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːnʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɡreːn)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚænX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨnX/
Li
Rong
/kɛnX/
Wang
Li
/kænX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kănX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gaan2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǎn jiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛnX › ‹ kɛnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁre[n]ʔ/ /*kˁre[n]ʔ/
English bamboo slip for writing select, large-minded, etc.

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6227
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːnʔ/

Etymology 1Edit

Attestable in Classical Chinese.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bamboo slip
  2. letter; epistle
  3. simple; uncomplicated
  4. terse; succinct; pithy; concise; brief; to the point
  5. to simplify
  6. to treat coldly; to give the cold-shoulder; to neglect
  7. to select; to choose; to pick
  8. A surname​: Jian
SynonymsEdit
  • (letter):
  • (simple):
  • (terse):
  • (to simplify):
  • (to treat coldly):
  • (to select):
AntonymsEdit
  • (simple): (fán)
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English Jane.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A transliteration of the English female given name Jane

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. simple
  2. terse, brief, succinct

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 6
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠɛnX).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(かん) (kan-na (adnominal (かん) (kan na), adverbial (かん) (kan ni))

  1. brief; simple
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(かん) (kan

  1. brevity; simplicity

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふだ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see ふだ.
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

(The following entry is uncreated: ふだ.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠɛnX). Recorded as Middle Korean 간〯 (Yale: kǎn) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

PronunciationEdit

  • (simple; concise; etc.):
  • (in 간이 (簡易, gani)):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.
  • (letter; to select; etc.):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 대쪽 (daejjok gan))

  1. Hanja form? of (simple; uncomplicated).
  2. Hanja form? of (concise; brief).
  3. Hanja form? of (letter; epistle).
  4. Hanja form? of (to select; to choose; to pick).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: giản, dẳng, dớn, giỡn, nhởn, dần, dẵng, giảm, giằn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.