See also: , , , and
U+7C97, 粗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C97

[U+7C96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7C98]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 119, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火木月一 (FDBM), four-corner 97910, composition )

Derived characters

edit
edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 907, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26898
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1333, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3144, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7C97

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp. #
alternative forms


Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *sʰaː, *zaːʔ) : semantic (rice) + phonetic (OC *sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa).

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ra (hard, difficult); cognate with Tibetan སྲ་མོ་ (sra mo, hard) (STEDT).

Pronunciation

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter dzuX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zoX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zɔX/
Li
Rong
/d͡zoX/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zou6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshu ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-s.r̥ˁa/
English coarse, thick (as hair)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10403 10408
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaː/ /*zaːʔ/

Definitions

edit

  1. coarse; rough
    Antonym: ()
  2. vulgar; rude; crude
  3. thick; heavy; bulky (especially of cylindrical objects)
    Antonym: ()
    頭髮头发  ―  tóufà yìng  ―  the hair is rough and stiff
    男生  ―  tuǐ de nánshēng  ―  man with large thighs

Antonyms

edit
  • (antonym(s) of coarse, thick): (Cantonese) (jau3, “fine; thin”)

Compounds

edit

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

edit

Compounds

edit

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune–Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: thô, sồ, to, xồ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

edit