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See also:
U+7D04, 約
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D04

[U+7D03]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D05]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 120, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火心戈 (VFPI) or 女火心一 (VFPM), four-corner 27920, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 915, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1343, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3364, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7D04

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːwɢs
*preːwɢs, *preːwɢ
*breːw, *b·reːwɢs
*ʔreːwɢs, *ʔreːwɢ
*plew, *pʰlew, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ
*pleːwʔ, *pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢs
*teːwɢs
*ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*bljewɢ, *sbreːwɢ
*bljewɢ
*qlewɢ, *qreːwɢ
礿 *lewɢ
*preːwɢ, *pleːwɢ
*breːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ): semantic  (rope) + phonetic  (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ).

PronunciationEdit


Note: yāo - only the sense of “to weigh on a balance or scale”.
Note:
  • iók - literary;
  • ióh - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • iok/iak - literary;
    • ioh - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yɛ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /iau⁴⁴/
    /yɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ye²¹/
    Jinan /yə²¹³/
    Qingdao /yə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /yo²⁴/
    Xi'an /yo²¹/
    Xining /yu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ye¹³/
    Lanzhou /yə¹³/
    Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /io²¹³/
    Chengdu /yo³¹/
    Guiyang /io²¹/
    Kunming /io³¹/
    Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
    Hefei /yɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
    Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/ 大~
    /iɔ³¹/ ~一~
    Wu Shanghai /iaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /iɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔiɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠a²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /io⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
    Xiangtan /io²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /iɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /iok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
    Nanning /jœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚³²/
    /ioʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iak̚²/
    /ioʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (34) (34)
    Final () (91) (107)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔjæuH/ /ʔiɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiawH/ /ʔɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭɛuH/ /ĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ɛuH/ /ʔi̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yào yue
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yào yuē
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjiewH › ‹ ʔjak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[q]ewk-s/ /*[q](r)ewk/
    English bond, agreement (n.) bind (v.), make an agreement

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 11181 11201
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔlewɢs/ /*ʔlewɢ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to bundle up; to bind
    2. rope; cord
    3. to restrain; to limit; to keep under control
    4. to make an appointment; to arrange
    5. appointment; meeting; arrangement
    6. treaty; agreement; covenant; pact
    7. to invite or ask in advance
    8. to hinder; to block
    9. to save; to economise
    10. frugal; economical; thrifty
    11. brief; concise; succinct
    12. poor; humble; low-ranking
    13. (mathematics) to reduce (a fraction)
    14. to prepare; to equip
    15. to seek; to pursue
    16. to estimate; to approximate; to reckon
    17. (colloquial) to weigh; to weigh on a balance or scale
    18. about; approximately
      • 220大卡 / 220大卡  ―  yuē 220 dàkǎ  ―  Approximately 220 kilocalories.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. Approximately

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    やく
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    AdverbEdit

    (hiragana やく, rōmaji yaku)

    1. about, approximately
       (やく) (いっ) (げつ)
      yaku ikkagetsu
      approximately one month
       () (ちゅう) (ちょっ) (けい) (やく)930 (きゅうひゃくさんじゅう)億光年 (おくこうねん)だ。
      Uchū no chokkei wa yaku kyūhyakusanjū-oku kōnen da.
      The diameter of the universe is some ninety-three billion light years.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (yak, yo) (hangeul , , revised yak, yo, McCune–Reischauer yak, yo, Yale yak, yo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ước, yêu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.