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See also:
U+7D1A, 級
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D1A

[U+7D19]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D1B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 120, +4 in traditional Chinese and Korean, 糸+3 in mainland China and Japanese, 10 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 9 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 女火弓竹水 (VFNHE), four-corner 27947, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK))

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 918, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1348, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3366, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7D1A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯb): semantic  (thread) + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯb).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjip̚/
Li
Rong
/kjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əp/
English degree, grade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5659
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. level; rank; class
  2. grade
  3. Classifier for human heads.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

kipu → kiɸu → *kiwu → kiu → kyuː.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きゅう, rōmaji kyū, historical hiragana きふ)

  1. rank
  2. (school) a class

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geup)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: geup, McCune–Reischauer: kŭp, Yale: kup)
    • Name (hangeul): 등급 (revised: deunggeup, McCune–Reischauer: dŭnggŭp)
  1. level; grade

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cấp, cóp, khớp, cụp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit