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See also:
U+7D1A, 級
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D1A

[U+7D19]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D1B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional

Simplified

Japanese

Korean

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +4 in Chinese, 糸+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 10 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓竹水 (VFNHE), four-corner 27947, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK))

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 918, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1348, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3366, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7D1A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯb): semantic  (thread) + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯb).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjip̚/
Li
Rong
/kjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əp/
English degree, grade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5659
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. level; rank; class
  2. grade
  3. Classifier for human heads.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

kipu → kiɸu → *kiwu → kiu → kyuː.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きゅう, rōmaji kyū, historical hiragana きふ)

  1. rank
  2. (school) a class

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 進級 (しんきゅう, ​shinkyū)
  • 等級 (とうきゅう, ​tōkyū)
  • 階級 (かいきゅう, ​kaikyū)
  • 下級 (かきゅう, ​kakyū)
  • 上級 (じょうきゅう, ​jōkyū)
  • 同級生 (どうきゅうせい, ​dōkyūsei)
  • 高級 (こうきゅう, ​kōkyū)
  • 比較級 (ひかくきゅう, ​hikakukyū)
  • 最上級 (さいじょうきゅう, ​saijōkyū)
  • 級数 (きゅうすう, ​kyūsū)
  • 等差級数 (とうさきゅうすう, ​tōsakyūsū)
  • 調和級数 (ちょうわきゅうすう, ​chōwakyūsū)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geup)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: geup, McCune-Reischauer: kŭp, Yale: kup)
    • Name (hangeul): 등급 (revised: deunggeup, McCune-Reischauer: dŭnggŭp)
  1. level, grade

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cấp, cóp, khớp, cụp, khởi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.