See also: 统治

ChineseEdit

 
to gather; to unite; to unify
to gather; to unite; to unify; whole
 
to rule; to govern; to manage
to rule; to govern; to manage; to control; to harness (a river); cure; treatment; to heal
trad. (統治)
simp. (统治)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (6) (11) (11) (11)
Final () (5) (19) (17) (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () I III Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuoŋH/ /ɖɨ/ /ɖˠiɪH/ /ɖɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuoŋH/ /ɖɨ/ /ɖᵚiH/ /ɖɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰoŋH/ /ȡie/ /ȡiɪH/ /ȡieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰawŋH/ /ɖɨ/ /ɖjiH/ /ɖɨH/
Li
Rong
/tʰoŋH/ /ȡiə/ /ȡjiH/ /ȡiəH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuoŋH/ /ȡĭə/ /ȡiH/ /ȡĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuoŋH/ /ȡʱi/ /ȡʱiH/ /ȡʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tòng chí zhì zhì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chí zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dri › ‹ driH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.lrə/ /*lrə-s/
English regulate, arrange regulate, arrange

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 1490 12288 12289 12302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuːŋs/ /*l'ɯ/ /*l'ɯs/ /*l'is/

VerbEdit

統治

  1. to govern; to rule; to preside over
    統治集團 / 统治集团  ―  tǒngzhì jítuán  ―  ruling circle
    魔鬼統治我們世界 [MSC, trad.]
    魔鬼统治我们世界 [MSC, simp.]
    móguǐ zài tǒngzhì zhe wǒmen de shìjiè [Pinyin]
    How The Specter of Communism Is Ruling Our World
  2. to control; to dominate

SynonymsEdit

  • (to govern): 管理 (guǎnlǐ), (literary, or in compounds) (), (Classical Chinese) (luàn), 治理 (zhìlǐ)
  • (to control):

NounEdit

統治

  1. rule; domination
    階級統治 / 阶级统治  ―  jiējí tǒngzhì  ―  class rule

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (統治):
  • Japanese: 統治(とうち) (tōchi)
  • Korean: 통치 (統治, tongchi)
  • Vietnamese: thống trị (統治)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 5

Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

統治(とうち) (tōchi

  1. rule, governance

VerbEdit

統治(とうち)する (tōchi surutransitive suru (stem 統治(とうち) (tōchi shi), past 統治(とうち)した (tōchi shita))

  1. to rule, to govern

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

統治 (tongchi) (hangeul 통치)

  1. Hanja form? of 통치 (rule).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

VerbEdit

統治

  1. Hán tự form of thống trị (to rule; to govern; to dominate).