See also: 绿, , , and
U+7DA0, 綠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DA0

[U+7D9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DA1]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 绿

Han characterEdit

(radical 120, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火女弓水 (VFVNE), four-corner 27932, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 926, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27541
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1363, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 5, page 3422, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DA0

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp. 绿

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *b·roːɡ).

EtymologyEdit

Starostin derives this from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rwak (leaf), and cites Tibetan ཁྲོག་པོ (khrog po, botanical term used of leaves standing round the stem scattered or alternately), Burmese ရွက် (rwak), အရွက် (a.rwak, leaf) as cognates. Compare also Kinnauri rāgʻ (blue, green).

Cognate with (“name of a plant of uncertain species”). In modern times this character gave rise to (“chlorine”).

For the sense “to cuckold”, see 綠頭巾绿头巾 (lǜtóujīn).

PronunciationEdit


Note: lù - literary reading preserved in certain proper nouns (鴨綠江, 綠林, 綠營).
Note:
  • liŏh - vernacular;
  • lṳ̆k - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • le̍k/lia̍k - vernacular;
    • lio̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ly⁵¹/
    Harbin /ly⁵³/
    Tianjin /luei⁵³/
    /ly⁵³/
    Jinan /ly²¹/
    Qingdao /ly⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ly²⁴/
    /ly⁴²/
    Xi'an /liou²¹/
    Xining /liɯ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /lu¹³/
    /ly¹³/
    Lanzhou /lu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ly²¹³/
    Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /nu³¹/
    Guiyang /nu²¹/
    Kunming /lu³¹/
    Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
    Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
    Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
    Suzhou /loʔ³/
    Hangzhou /loʔ²/
    Wenzhou /lo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /lu²²/
    Tunxi /liu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /liuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
    Nanning /luk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /luk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
    /lik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/
    /liak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pə.rok/
    English light blue or green

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8554
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. green
      / 绿  ―    ―  green (color)
    2. to become green
    3. healthy; environmentally friendly; green
      建築 / 绿建筑  ―  jiànzhù  ―  green building
      住宅 / 绿住宅  ―  zhùzhái  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. green leaves
    5. green field
    6. Original form of .
    7. Alternative form of (, “name of a plant”).
    8. (symbolic) Islam(ic); Muslim
      / 绿  ―  jiào  ―  (slang) Islam
    9. (politics) related to the pro-independence pan-Green coalition of Taiwan
    10. (slang) to cuckold
      Synonym: 戴綠帽子戴绿帽子 (dài lǜmàozi)
    11. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : the color green

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    For names, this 旧字体 (kyūjitai, literally old form) of the kanji may still be used. For all other uses, see the entry.

    Proper nounEdit

    (みどり) (Midori

    1. A female given name.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 푸를 (pureul rok), South Korea 푸를 (pureul nok))

    1. Hanja form? of / (blue, green).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lục)

    1. green

    ReferencesEdit