U+7DA0, 綠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DA0

[U+7D9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DA1]
See also: 绿 and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 绿

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火女弓水 (VFVNE), four-corner 27932, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 926, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27541
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1363, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 5, page 3422, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DA0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 绿
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roɡ): semantic  + phonetic .

EtymologyEdit

Starostin derives this from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rwak(leaf), and cites Tibetan ཁྲོག་པོ(khrog po, botanical term used of leaves standing round the stem scattered or alternately), Burmese ရွက်(rwak), အရွက်(a.rwak, leaf) as cognates. Compare also Kinnauri rāgʻ(blue, green).

Cognate with (“name of a plant of uncertain species”). In modern times this character gave rise to (“chlorine”).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ly⁵¹/
Harbin /ly⁵³/
Tianjin /luei⁵³/
/ly⁵³/
Jinan /ly²¹/
Qingdao /ly⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ly²⁴/
/ly⁴²/
Xi'an /liou²¹/
Xining /liɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lu¹³/
/ly¹³/
Lanzhou /lu¹³/
Ürümqi /ly²¹³/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /nu²¹/
Kunming /lu³¹/
Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
Suzhou /loʔ³/
Hangzhou /loʔ²/
Wenzhou /lo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /lu²²/
Tunxi /liu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
Nanning /luk̚²²/
Hong Kong /luk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
/lik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/
/liak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/liok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/liok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luawk̚/
Li
Rong
/liok̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pə.rok/
English light blue or green

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8554
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*roɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. green
    / 绿  ―    ―  green (color)
  2. to become green
  3. healthy; environmentally friendly
  4. green leaves
  5. green field
  6. Original form of .
  7. Alternative form of (“name of a plant”).
  8. (symbolic) Islam(ic); Muslim
    / 绿  ―  jiào  ―  Islam

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. green (literary reading preserved in certain proper nouns)
    / 绿  ―  jiāng  ―  Yalu River
    / 绿  ―  lín  ―  forest outlaws
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. the color green

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana みどり, romaji Midori)

  1. A female given name.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(rok>nok) (hangeul >, McCune-Reischauer rok>nok, Yale lok>nok)

  1. blue, green

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lục, luốc)

  1. green

ReferencesEdit