See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Jiao-si-pang-wei.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷi): semantic  ‎(thread) + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjul) – to tie fast, to maintain.

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火人土 (VFOG), four-corner 20914, composition)

  1. maintain, preserve, safeguard

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 927, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27568
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1364, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3415, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7DAD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei³⁵/
Harbin /uei⁴⁴/ ~生素
/uei²⁴/ ~持
Tianjin /vei⁴⁵/
Jinan /vei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ve⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /uei⁵³/
Xi'an /vi²⁴/
Xining /uɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /vei⁵³/
Lanzhou /vei⁵³/
Ürümqi /vei⁵¹/
Wuhan /uei²¹³/
Chengdu /uei³¹/
Guiyang /uei²¹/
Kunming /uei³¹/
Nanjing /uəi²⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /uei¹¹/
Pingyao /uei¹³/
Hohhot /vei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vi¹³/
Suzhou /vi¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦui²¹³/
Wenzhou /vu³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ue⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uei¹³/
Xiangtan /uəi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /vi¹¹/
Taoyuan /vui¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi²¹/
Nanning /wɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui³⁵/
/bi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vui³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (16)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wéi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiuɪ/ /jʷi/ /juɪ/ /jwi/ /ui/ /jwi/ /wi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wéi ‹ ywij › /*ɢʷij (? < *ɢʷuj)/ rope for tying

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12852 2 /*ɢʷi/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(duy)

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