See also:
U+7E1B, 縛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7E1B

[U+7E1A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7E1C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 120, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 女火戈月戈 (VFIBI), four-corner 23942, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 934, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27771
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1372, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3434, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7E1B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baːɡs, *baɡ): semantic (rope) + phonetic (OC *pʰa).

EtymologyEdit

Austroasiatic. Compare Khmer ប៉ាក់ (pak, to embroider), Mon ဗိုက် (to put around esp. lower half of body), Temiar bəg (to bind) (Schuessler, 2007). Alternatively, note Thai ผูก (pùuk, to tie; to bind).

PronunciationEdit


Note: bok6, fok3, fok6 - variants (rare).
Note:
  • pa̍k - vernacular;
  • ho̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fu⁵¹/
    Harbin /fu²⁴/
    Tianjin /fu⁵³/
    Jinan /fə⁴²/
    Qingdao /fu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fu³¹²/
    Xi'an /fo²⁴/
    Xining /fv̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fu⁵³/
    /fu¹³/
    Lanzhou /fə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fu²¹³/
    Wuhan /fu⁴²/
    Chengdu /po³¹/
    /fu¹³/
    Guiyang /po²¹/
    Kunming /fu²¹²/
    Nanjing /fu⁴⁴/
    Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
    /pɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /fəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /boʔ¹/
    /voʔ¹/
    Suzhou /voʔ³/
    Hangzhou /boʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /fuʔ²¹/
    /pɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /po²⁴/
    /xo⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ho⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /pʰiok̚⁵/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pɔk̚³/
    Nanning /pɔk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /pɔk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔk̚⁵/
    /pak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔ²⁴/
    /pu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (3) (3)
    Final () (95) (108)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buɑH/ /bʉɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /buɑH/ /bʷiɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɑH/ /biuɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwaH/ /buak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /buɑH/ /biuak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɑH/ /bĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuɑH/ /bʱiwak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bo6 fok6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bak/
    English bind (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 3409 3493
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːɡs/ /*baɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to tie, to bind
    2. to attach

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC bʉɐk̚).

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 묶을 (mukkeul bak))

    1. Hanja form? of (tie).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: phược, phọc, phước

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.