U+7FFC, 翼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FFC

[U+7FFB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FFD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 124, +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 尸一田廿金 (SMWTC), four-corner 17801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 959, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28801
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1406, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3356, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FFC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𰭝 second round simplified
𩙺

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *lɯɡs).

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak ~ C-jak (arm, hand, wing), especially if the Old Chinese is reconstructed with *l- (Schuessler, 2007; Handel, 2009). Cognate with (OC *laːɡ, “armpit”), Tibetan ལག་པ (lag pa, hand, arm), Burmese လက် (lak, hand, arm).

However, Baxter and Sagart (2014) reconstruct the Old Chinese with *-p instead of *-k because of evidence from the oracle bones, making it difficult to compare to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak.

Sagart (2020) proposes a revised Old Chinese reconstruction *m-rəp, which he compares to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s/b-ram (rib).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • siē - vernacular;
  • ī - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • sĭk - vernacular;
    • ĭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • si̍t - vernacular;
    • e̍k/ia̍k - literary.
    Note:
    • sig8 - vernacular;
    • êg8 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • i4 - literary;
    • ie4 - vernacular (used in 翼胛).

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /iək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷrəp/ (dialect: *-p > *-k)
    English wing

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15108
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lɯɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. wing (Classifier: c;  c)
    2. fin (of a fish)
    3. wing (of an airplane)
    4. (figurative) wing; flank
        ―  yòu  ―  right-wing (politics); right flank (military)
    5. (Chinese astronomy) the Wings mansion, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    6. to assist
    7. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よく) (yoku)
    • Korean: (, ik)

    Others

    • Translingual: Yi

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    つばさ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /tubasa//t͡subasa/

    From Old Japanese.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (つばさ) (tsubasa

    1. a wing (of a bird or bat)
      • 2015 September 19, “()(ぎん)天空船(スカイシップ)-レオ(ごう) [Silvery Skyship – Mk. Leo]”, in EXTRA PACK 2015, Konami:
        ()(ぎん)(つばさ)(えい)(こう)(しるし)
        その(あかし)(こと)()によって(かた)られる。
        Kigin no tsubasa wa eikō no shirushi.
        Sono akashi wa kotoba ni yotte katarareru.
        Her silvery wings display her glory.
        The proof of her glories are told in legend.
    2. (by extension) a bird
      Synonyms: (tori), 鳥類 (chōrui)
    3. (aviation) an airfoil, wing
    4. (by extension) an aircraft
    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (つばさ) (Tsubasa

    1. a male or female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よく
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨk̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (よく) (yoku

    1. a wing (of a bird or insect)
      Synonym: 羽翼 (uyoku)
    2. (aviation) an airfoil
    3. (military) a flank
    4. a blade (of a propeller, turbine, etc.) with the same cross section of an aircraft wing

    CounterEdit

    (よく) (-yoku

    1. counter for wings of birds
    2. (by extension) counter for birds
    3. counter for boats
      Synonyms: (seki), ()

    AffixEdit

    (よく) (yoku

    1. wing (of a bird, insect, aircraft, etc.)
    2. (by extension) something overhanging both left and right, like a wing
    3. assist, help, support

    Proper nounEdit

    (よく) (Yoku

    1. (Chinese astronomy) the Wings constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
      Synonym: 襷星 (Tasukiboshi)
    2. a female given name

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: S
    nanori

    Nominalization of classical verb 助く (tasuku), modern 助ける (tasukeru, to assist, help; rescue, save).

    Proper nounEdit

    (たすく) (Tasuku

    1. a female given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ik) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ik, Yale ik)

    1. wings
    2. fins (of a fish)
    3. shelter

    Old JapaneseEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    NounEdit

    (tubasa) (kana つばさ)

    1. a wing (of a bird)
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 10, poem 2238), text here
        天飛也鴈之乃覆羽之何處漏香霜之零異牟
        amato2bu ya kari no2 tubasa no2 opopi1ba no2 iduku morite ka simo no2 purike1mu
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (つばさ, tsubasa)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dực)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.