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U+7FFC, 翼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FFC

[U+7FFB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FFD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 124, +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 尸一田廿金 (SMWTC), four-corner 17801, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 959, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28801
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1406, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3356, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FFC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms ⿱羽一 second round simplified
𩙺

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯʔ
*lɯɡs
*lɯɡs, *lɯɡ
*lɯɡs, *lɯɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ
*l̥ʰjɯɡ, *lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *lɯɡs).

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak ~ C-jak (arm, hand, wing), especially if the Old Chinese reconstructed with *l- (Schuessler, 2007; Handel, 2009). Cognate with (OC *laːɡ, “armpit”), Tibetan ལག་པ (lag pa, hand, arm), Burmese လက် (lak, hand, arm).

However, Baxter and Sagart (2014) reconstruct the Old Chinese with *-p instead of *-k because of evidence from the oracle bones, making it difficult to compare to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • siē - vernacular;
  • ī - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • sĭk - vernacular;
    • ĭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • si̍t - vernacular;
    • e̍k/ia̍k - literary.
    Note:
    • sig8 - vernacular;
    • êg8 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • i4 - literary;
    • ie4 - vernacular (used in 翼胛).

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /iək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷrəp/ (dialect: *-p > *-k)
    English wing

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15108
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lɯɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. wing (Classifier: c;  c)
    2. fin (of a fish)
    3. wing (of an airplane)
    4. (figuratively) wing; flank
        ―  yòu  ―  right-wing (politics); right flank (military)
    5. (Chinese astronomy) the Wings mansion, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    6. to assist
    7. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 翅膀 (“wing (of a bird or insect)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , , , , 𦑜, of a bird
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 翅膀, , , 翼翅, 羽翼
    Mandarin Beijing 翅膀兒, 翅膀子, 膀兒, 翅兒
    Taiwan 翅膀
    Harbin 翅膀兒
    Jinan 翅膀
    Muping 翅膀兒, 翅子
    Luoyang 翅膀
    Wanrong 翅關
    Wanrong (Ronghe) 翅膀
    Xi'an 翅膀
    Zhengzhou 翅膀
    Xining 膀膀
    Xuzhou 翅膀, 翅膀子, 翅膀兒
    Yinchuan 膀子
    Lanzhou 膀子
    Ürümqi 膀子
    Wuhan 翅膀
    Huanggang 翅桿
    Chengdu 翅膀兒, 翅膀
    Guiyang 翅膀
    Guilin 翅膀
    Liuzhou 翅膀
    Yangzhou 翅膀
    Nanjing 翅膀
    Hefei 翅膀子, 膀子
    Nantong 翅刮
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 膀子, 翅膀, 翅膀兒, 翅膀膀兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Yangjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Ho Chi Minh City
    Gan Nanchang 翼膀, 翅膀
    Lichuan , 翼膀
    Pingxiang 翼胛, 翼巴
    Hakka Meixian 翼胛
    Xingning 翼拍
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 翼盼
    Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 翼盼
    Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua)
    Huidong (Daling) 翼拍
    Dongguan (Qingxi)
    Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 翼拍
    Longmen (Luxi Bendihua)
    Boluo (Bendihua) , 翼拍
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
    Zengcheng (Zhengguo)
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
    Wuhua (Shuizhai) 翼拍
    Wuhua (Huacheng) 翼拍
    Wuhua (Changbu) 翼拍
    Wuhua (Mianyang) 翼拍
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 翼膀
    Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua) 翼拍
    Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua)
    Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua)
    Heping (Linzhai Bendihua)
    Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 翼膀
    Lianping (Longjie Bendihua)
    Qujiang 翼拍
    Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua)
    Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua) 翼拍
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) ,
    Liannan
    Conghua (Lütian)
    Jiexi
    Luchuan
    Luchuan (Daqiao)
    Changting 翼拍
    Pingyu 翼拍
    Wuping 翼胛
    Liancheng 翼汗
    Ninghua 翼拍, 翼胛
    Yudu 翅膀, 翼膀
    Ruijin 翼拍
    Shicheng 翼拍, 翼膀
    Shangyou 翼膀
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 翼胛
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 翼胛
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 翼胛
    Dongshi (Dabu) 翼胛
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 翼胛
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah (Longchuan)
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi 翼梭
    Tunxi 翼膀, 肘翼, 肘翼膀
    Yixian
    Qimen 翅翼, 翅扇, 翅扇兒
    Wuyuan 翼膀
    Fuliang 翅翼兒
    Jin Taiyuan 翅膀
    Xinzhou 翅膀
    Hohhot 翅膀, 膀子, 翅翅
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Dikou
    Songxi
    Zhenghe
    Zhenqian 翼匹
    Jianyang
    Wuyishan
    Shibei
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 翼翼
    Changle
    Fuqing , 翼翼
    Yongtai 翼胛
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning 翼髀
    Zhouning
    Fuding 翼膀
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen , 翼股, 翼仔
    Quanzhou , 翼股, 翼仔
    Jinjiang 翼股
    Zhangzhou , 翼股, 翼仔
    Dongshan
    Kaohsiung 翼仔
    Tainan 翼仔
    Taichung
    Wuqi 翼股
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Zhangping (Yongfu)
    Datian
    Pingnan (Shangdu)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) , 翅膀
    Guilin (Dahe) 翅膀
    Wu Shanghai 翅膀, 翨𦑜
    Suzhou 翅膀, 翨𦑜
    Wuxi 翅膀
    Hangzhou 翼翅膀
    Wenzhou , 翼膀
    Chongming 扇肩
    Danyang 翅膀
    Jinhua 翼膀
    Ningbo 翼梢, 翼梢膀
    Xiang Changsha 翼胛, 翅膀
    Shuangfeng 翼胛
    Xiangtan 翼胛
    Loudi 翼胛
    Quanzhou 翅桿, 翅膀

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (よく) (yoku)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    つばさ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /tubasa//t͡subasa/

    From Old Japanese.

    (This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つばさ, rōmaji tsubasa)

    1. a wing (of a bird or bat)
      • 2015 September 19, “ぎん天空船スカイシップ-レオごう [Silvery Skyship – Mk. Leo]”, in EXTRA PACK 2015, Konami:
         () (ぎん) (つばさ) (えい) (こう) (しるし)
        その (あかし) (こと) ()によって (かた)られる。
        Kigin no tsubasa wa eikō no shirushi.
        Sono akashi wa kotoba ni yotte katarareru.
        Her silvery wings display her glory.
        The proof of her glories are told in legend.
    2. (by extension) a bird
      Synonyms: (tori), 鳥類 (chōrui)
    3. (aviation) an airfoil, wing
    4. (by extension) an aircraft
    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana つばさ, rōmaji Tsubasa)

    1. a male or female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よく
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨk̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana よく, rōmaji yoku)

    1. a wing (of a bird or insect)
      Synonym: 羽翼 (uyoku)
    2. (aviation) an airfoil
    3. (military) a flank
    4. a blade (of a propeller, turbine, etc.) with the same cross section of an aircraft wing

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana よく, rōmaji -yoku)

    1. counter for wings of birds
    2. (by extension) counter for birds
    3. counter for boats
      Synonyms: (seki), ()

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana よく, rōmaji yoku)

    1. wing (of a bird, insect, aircraft, etc.)
    2. (by extension) something overhanging both left and right, like a wing
    3. assist, help, support

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana よく, rōmaji Yoku)

    1. (Chinese astronomy) the Wings constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
      Synonym: 襷星 (Tasukiboshi)
    2. a female given name

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: S
    nanori

    Nominalization of classical verb 助く (tasuku), modern 助ける (tasukeru, to assist, help; rescue, save).

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana たすく, rōmaji Tasuku)

    1. a female given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ik) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ik, Yale ik)

    1. wings
    2. fins (of a fish)
    3. shelter

    Old JapaneseEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    (This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    NounEdit

    (tubasa) (kana つばさ)

    1. a wing (of a bird)
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 10, poem 2238), text here
        天飛也鴈之乃覆羽之何處漏香霜之零異牟
        amato2bu ya kari no2 tubasa no2 opopi1ba no2 iduku morite ka simo no2 purike1mu
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (つばさ, tsubasa)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dực)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.