See also: 考试

ChineseEdit

 
to check; to verify; to test
to check; to verify; to test; to examine
 
to test; to try; experiment
to test; to try; experiment; examination; test
trad. (考試)
simp. (考试)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (29) (26)
Final () (89) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑuX/ /ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑuX/ /ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑuX/ /ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰawX/ /ɕɨH/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑuX/ /ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑuX/ /ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑuX/ /ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎo shì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǎo shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ khawX › ‹ syiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-r̥ˁuʔ/ /*l̥ək-s/
English old; deceased father test, try

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7404 14971
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːʔ/ /*hljɯɡs/

NounEdit

考試

  1. test (of a person's proficiency or knowledge); examination; exam (Classifier: m)
    模擬考試 / 模拟考试  ―  mónǐ kǎoshì  ―  mock test
    標準化考試 / 标准化考试  ―  biāozhǔnhuà kǎoshì  ―  standardized test
    期末考試 / 期末考试  ―  qīmò kǎoshì  ―  end-of-term examination
    要是考試及格的話怎麼辦 [MSC, trad.]
    要是考试及格的话怎么办 [MSC, simp.]
    Yàoshi kǎoshì bù jígé dehuà, zěnme bàn? [Pinyin]
    If I don't pass my exams, what do I do?
    考試成績 [MSC, trad.]
    考试成绩 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā de kǎoshì chéngjì hěn hǎo. [Pinyin]
    His exam result is very good.
    準備考試恐怕吃不消 [MSC, trad.]
    准备考试恐怕吃不消 [MSC, simp.]
    Liǎng tiān yào zhǔnbèi bā mén de kǎoshì, tā kǒngpà chībùxiāo. [Pinyin]
    She feared she wouldn't be able to handle preparing for eight exams in two days.

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

考試

  1. to take a test; to sit an examination; to have an exam
    今天考試 / 今天考试  ―  Wǒ jīntiān kǎoshì le.  ―  I had an exam today.
    大部分學生 [MSC, trad.]
    大部分学生 [MSC, simp.]
    Dàbùfèn de xuéshēng dōu kǎo wán le shì. [Pinyin]
    Most of the students have finished the exam.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (考試):
  • Japanese: (こう)() (kōshi)
  • Korean: 고시 (考試, gosi)
  • Vietnamese: khảo thí (考試)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 4
on’yomi

NounEdit

考試(こうし) (kōshi

  1. test; exam

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

考試 (gosi) (hangeul 고시)

  1. Hanja form? of 고시 (examination, exam, test).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

考試

  1. Hán tự form of khảo thí (examination, exam, test).