See also:
U+8033, 耳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8033

[U+8032]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8034]
⽿ U+2F7F, ⽿
KANGXI RADICAL EAR

[U+2F7E]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F80]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 
Stroke order
(Chinese)
 
Stroke order
(Japan)
 

Alternative forms edit

When part of a compound character, particularly as the left radical, the bottom horizontal stroke may not cross at bottom right. This is a script variant, found for example in Japanese .

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 128, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸十 (SJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. Kangxi radical #128, ⽿.

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 965, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1413, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8033


Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿻二⿰丨丨

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             

Pictogram (象形) – an ear.

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-na (ear).

Pronunciation edit


Note: ngi2 - variant pronunciation.
Note:
  • ngê - vernacular;
  • ngī - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hī/hǐ/hīⁿ/nǐ - vernacular;
    • ní/jí/jíⁿ - literary.
    Note:
    • hin6 - vernacular;
    • re2 - literary.
    • (Leizhou)
      • Leizhou Pinyin: hi6 / lu5
      • Sinological IPA: /hi³³/, /lu²²/
    Note:
    • hi6 - vernacular;
    • lu5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3nyi - vernacular;
    • 3hher - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter nyiX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ěr
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ji5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ěr
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyiX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nəʔ/
    English ear

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2783
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯʔ/

    Definitions edit

    1. ear
        ―  ěrlóng  ―  deaf
    2. ear-like object
        ―  mù'ěr  ―  wood ear; black fungus
    3. something on both sides
        ―  ěrfáng  ―  penthouse
        ―  ěrmén  ―  side door
    4. handle on both sides of an object
    5. (obsolete) to hear; to hear of
    6. a surname
    7. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien, figurative) something that can be used to coerce or threaten someone
    Synonyms edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    According to Pulleyblank (1995), a contraction of 而已 (éryǐ).

    Pronunciation edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter nyiX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ěr
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ji5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ěr
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyiX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nəʔ/
    English =⽽而已 “that’s all”

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2783
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯʔ/

    Definitions edit

    1. (literary) Phrase-final particle: merely; only; that's all
    Synonyms edit

    Etymology 3 edit

    Pronunciation edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Only used in 耳孫耳孙 (réngsūn).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term
    みみ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    • ⟨mi1mi1 → */mimi//mimi/

    From Old Japanese. First attested in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[1] From Proto-Japonic *memi.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (みみ) (mimi

    1. ear; ears
      (みみ)(かゆ)いのです。
      Mimi ga kayui no desu.
      My ear is itchy.
    2. crust (of bread)
    3. selvedge (woven edge of a bolt of fabric)

    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC nyiX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅀᅵᆼ〯 (Yale: )
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[3] 귀〮 (Yale: kwúy) ᅀᅵ〯 (Yale: )

    Pronunciation edit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (gwi i))

    1. Hanja form? of (ear). [affix]

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mimi, from Proto-Japonic *mimi. Cognate with mainland Japanese (mimi).

    Noun edit

    (みん) (min

    1. ear

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: nhĩ, nhải, nhãi

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.