See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
耳-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
耳-jbw.png
Stroke order
耳-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

When part of a compound character, particularly as the left radical, the bottom horizontal stroke may not cross at bottom right. This is a script variant, found for example in Japanese .

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
耳-oracle.svg 耳-bronze.svg 耳-bigseal.svg 耳-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – an ear. The opening of the ear becomes the surrounding box 口, the cartilage inside the ear yields the lines 二, while the earlobe becomes the lower right corner 十.

Han characterEdit

(radical 128 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸十 (SJ), four-corner 10400)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 965, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1413, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8033

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

The anatomical sense is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-na.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨX/ /ȵʑiX/ /ȵiəX/ /ȵɨX/ /ȵɨX/ /ȵʑĭəX/ /ȵʑieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ěr ‹ nyiX › /*C.nəʔ/ ear
ěr ‹ nyiX › /*nəʔ/ =⽽而已 “that’s all”

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2783 0 /*njɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ear
    (→ 耳朵 (ěrduo))
  2. an ear-like object
  3. an object, which like the ears, is found on both sides
  4. handle, knob
  5. to hear; to hear of
  6. (→ (ér)) (phrase-final particle) merely; only, that's all

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
みみ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みみ, romaji mimi)

  1. an ear; ears
    が痒いのです。
    みみがかゆいのです。
    Mimi ga kayui no desu.
    My ear is itchy.
  2. of bread, the crust

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(i)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhĩ, nhải, nhãi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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