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See also:
U+80CC, 背
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80CC

[U+80CB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80CD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中心月 (LPB), four-corner 11227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 977, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1429, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2058, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+80CC

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːɡs, *bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*pɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯːɡs, *bɯːɡs): phonetic  (OC *pɯːɡ) + semantic  (meat). Semantic was added to be distinguished from the derived meaning of (“north”).

EtymologyEdit

Two pronunciations were distinguished in Middle Chinese: puʌiH (back), buʌiH (to turn one's back to; to betray).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Note:
  • bui3 - “back; to betray; to violate”;
  • bui6 - “to recite; unlucky; out of touch”.
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pōe - literary;
    • pēr/pē - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2pe - noun (“back”);
    • 3be - verb (“to betray; to recite”).

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (3) (1)
    Final () (42) (42)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buʌiH/ /puʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /buoiH/ /puoiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɒiH/ /puɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwəjH/ /pwəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /buᴀiH/ /puᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɒiH/ /puɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuɑ̆iH/ /puɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bèi bèi
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bèi bèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bwojH › ‹ pwojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-pˤək-s/ /*pˤək-s/
    English turn the back on the back

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 408 409
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯːɡs/ /*bɯːɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) back
    2. back; backside; reverse side
    3. back of the hand
    4. to turn one's back to
    5. to abandon; to give up
    6. to betray; to be disloyal
    7. to deviate; to go contrary to; to violate
    8. unlucky; out of luck
    9. to recite

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    trad. /*
    simp.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to carry on the back
    2. (figuratively) to carry; to bear (blame); to shoulder (responsibility)

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 背負 (“to carry on the back”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 背負
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji se)

    1. one's back (part of the human body)
    2. one's height
      田中 (たなか)さんは () (たか)い。
      Tanaka-san wa se ga takai.
      Tanaka is tall.
    3. the rear of something, the area behind

    SynonymsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (bae, pae) (hangeul , , revised bae, pae, McCune-Reischauer pae, p'ae, Yale pay, phay)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (bối, bội, bổi, bồi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.