U+8102, 脂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8102

[U+8101]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8103]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月心日 (BPA), four-corner 71261, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2069, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8102

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kiː, *kʰiːʔ
*ŋɡiːs
*ŋɡiːs, *kji
*klje
*kji
*kji, *kjis
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*ɡjis
*qʰlji
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kji): semantic (meat) + phonetic (OC *kjiʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ci/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕi/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyij ›
Old
Chinese
/*kij/
English fat, grease

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17322
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kji/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fat; grease; lard
  2. rouge

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fat

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: S
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あぶら, romaji abura)

  1. fat

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
やに
Grade: S
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana やに, romaji yani)

  1. resin
  2. tar (byproduct of tobacco smoke)
  3. rheum

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2069, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8102

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chi, chỉ, mạnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.