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U+8102, 脂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8102

[U+8101]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8103]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月心日 (BPA), four-corner 71261, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2069, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8102

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kiː, *kʰiːʔ
*ŋɡiːs
*ŋɡiːs, *kji
*klje
*kji
*kji, *kjis
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*ɡjis
*qʰlji
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kji): semantic  (meat) + phonetic  (OC *kjiʔ).

EtymologyEdit

It is thought to descend from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsil (fat, grease), although the initial does not match the one of the Old Chinese reconstruction (Matisoff, STEDT; Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ci/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕi/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyij ›
Old
Chinese
/*kij/
English fat, grease

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17322
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kji/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fat; grease; lard
  2. Short for 胭脂 (yānzhī, “rouge”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fat

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あぶら, rōmaji abura)

  1. fat

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
やに
Grade: S
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やに, rōmaji yani)

  1. resin
  2. tar (byproduct of tobacco smoke)
  3. rheum

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2069, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8102

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chi, chỉ, mạnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.