U+8102, 脂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8102

[U+8101]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8103]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月心日 (BPA), four-corner 71261, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2069, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8102

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kji): semantic  (meat) + phonetic  (OC *kjiʔ).

EtymologyEdit

It is thought to descend from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsil (fat, grease), although the initial does not match the one of the Old Chinese reconstruction (Matisoff, STEDT; Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ci/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕi/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyij ›
Old
Chinese
/*kij/
English fat, grease

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17322
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kji/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fat; grease; lard
  2. Short for 胭脂 (yānzhi, “rouge”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fat

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
あぶら
[noun] : fat
[noun] : skin oil
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
やに
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
やに
[noun] resin
[noun] tar (byproduct of tobacco smoke)
[noun] rheum
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune–Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2069, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8102

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chi, chỉ, mạnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.